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Original Nepalese Pre-WWII Dress Uniform of Maharaja His Highness Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana of Nepal GCB, GCIE, GBE, (1885-1967) Prime Minister and Supreme Commander in Chief of Nepal 1948 - 1951

Regular price $4,995.00

Item Description

Original Items: One-of-a-Kind uniform set. Field-Marshal Shree Maharaja Sir Mohan Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, GCB, GCIE, GBE (23 December 1885 – 6 January 1967) was the Shree Tin Maharajah and foreign minister of Nepal from 30 April 1948 until 12 November 1951.

He was the last prime minister from the Rana family, which had controlled Nepal for more than a century and reduced the monarchy to a figurehead. He was the son of the 5th Rana Maharaja of Nepal Chandra Shumsher and Bada Maharani Chandra Loka Bhakta Lakshmi Devi. He became prime minister at a time when the king, Tribhuvan was attempting to assert himself. Tribhuvan wanted to establish a stronger monarchy and some democracy, which Mohan Shumsher opposed.

In 1950, Mohan Shumsher's policies against the monarchy forced Tribhuvan and his son Mahendra to flee to India with the help of the Indian Residency and the Indian government, which led Mohan Shumsher to proclaim Mahendra's three-year-old son Gyanendra the king of Nepal.

Later in the revolution of 1951, Tribhuvan returned to Nepal after signing The Delhi Treaty between Mohan Shumsher, Tribhuvan, and Congress thus restoring his throne and bringing the stately power back to the monarch. By the end of 1951, the king and his allies in Congress had triumphed, and Mohan Shumsher and the rest of the Rana family lost power. The Ranas were removed from all the hereditary offices and privileges conferred by king Surendra Bikram Shah on Jung Bahadur even though Mohan Shumsher still held the office of the prime minister for until several demonstrations by Ranas in an attempt to reestablish their rule and the opposition of the monarchy and Congress forced him to resign from his position.

This uniform set was originally sold in Wallis and Wallis auctioneers in the late 1980's, a letter of provenance from the then owner dated 27 May 1987 is included in the lot.

Superb quality double breasted scarlet full dress uniform with dark green facings. The collar and cuffs are heavily embroidered with gold wire decoration. Uniform and accessories retailed by bespoke tailors Ranken & Co, Calcutta.

Officers gilt linked and silver (not hallmarked) undress shoulder scales and twist cord dress aiguillettes still accompany the tunic. Fine quality gilt metal officers tunic buttons to the uniform back marked Ranken. The breast has a variety of medal / award loops for breast orders awarded. Fine quality quilted padded lining to the interior of the tunic. Tailors label was removed. Accompanied by the matching full dress trousers in green cloth with thick red stripe to the leg. Superb pair of officers full dress epaulettes also accompany the uniform set, with silver and gilt insignias applied (not hallmarked). Waist sash with brass clip mount and knot tassels.

Rare solar topee helmet of cork construction with green cloth covering. Impressive large central rayed helmet plate with central face and applied wreath enclosing crossed silver Kukris with crescent moon and sun above. Crimson silk pagri to the helmet. Interior retains the original leather sweatband with gilt tooled tailors / retailers details of "Messrs Ranken & Co Ltd Calcutta & Simla". Marker marked on the lining to HAWKES & CO. London. Leather backed linked brass chin chain. With the helmet is the original full dress plume of yellow feathers over red and come complete with a Jappaned tin holder.

Overall a superb grouping that is unique and of historical and national importance to Nepal.

Approximate Measurements:
Collar to shoulder: 9"
Shoulder to sleeve: 25.5”
Shoulder to shoulder: 13.5”
Chest width: 19"
Waist width: 17"
Hip width: 21.5"
Front length: 31"

Waist: 17"
Inseam: 31"

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