Original WWII Imperial Japanese Army Type 19 Kyu-Gunto Long Nickel Plated Parade Sword with Scabbard

Item Description

Original Item: Only One Available. The first standard sword of the Japanese military was known as the kyu gunto (旧軍刀, old military sword). Murata Tsuneyoshi (1838-1921), a Japanese general who previously made guns, started making what was probably the first mass-produced substitute for traditionally made samurai swords. These swords are referred to as "Murata-to" and they were used in both the Sino-Japanese war (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese war (1904-1905).

The kyu gunto was used from 1875 until 1934, it closely resembled European and American swords of the time, with a wraparound hand guard (also known as a D-Guard) and chrome plated scabbard (saya), the steel scabbard is said to have been introduced around 1900.

This is a very good example of a WWII Era Japanese Army Officer's Parade Sword with a Polished Wood Grip and the "10 petal" IJA Cherry Blossom Emblem on the sides of the Handle. These are often confused with the Imperial Japanese Police Dress Swords, which are extremely similar.

This is a very fine example in untouched condition. The brass guard has a rich mellow patina, with some of the original gilt finish still retained in areas. The nickel on the scabbard is over 95% intact, with just a bit of oxidation. The brass wire wrap on the handle is appears complete, but loose in some areas, and the polished wood grip appears to be in great condition. The blade is absolutely exceptional, with full nickeled finish, showing just a bit of oxidation near the leather blade buffer. Overall length in the scabbard is approximately 35 1/2 ”, with a blade length of 29 1/2”.

This is a great example to add to a collection of Japanese edged weapons. A Very fine example that would not need to be upgraded!

Overall length: 34 1/2”
Blade length: 29 1/2”
Hand guard: 4” width x 5” length
Scabbard length: 30 3/4”

The Imperial Japanese Army parade sword was first adopted in 1875 (Meiji 8) as the Type 8 Kyu-Gunto (First Military Sword). It was later modified in 1886 (Meiji 19) as the Type 19 Kyu-Gunto. Regulations state that the grips of these swords for officers below the rank of General shall be black horn, although other materials may be seen. General Officer swords were to have grips made of turtle shell. Type 8 sword scabbards have two suspension rings while Type 19 swords have one ring that is removable or only one suspension ring after circa 1932.

This Japanese Army "Parade Sword" is often mistaken for the almost identical "Police Sword" but there are distinct differences. The quick way to determine the difference between Army and Police swords of this type is to note the backstrap decoration. Army swords will normally have a ten petal cherry blossom on the back of the pommel and on the "ears" of the backstrap. Nearly identical Police swords will have a Police badge on the back of the pommel and a five petal cherry blossom on the "ears" of the backstrap. The same applies to ten- and five-petal cherry blossoms found in the guard design.

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