Original WWI Imperial Russian Tula Arsenal M1907 "Bebut" Artillery Kindjal Short Sword with Scabbard - Regimentally Marked
Original Item: Only One Available. A kindjal (translated from the Russian Кинжал) is a double-edged dagger often with a single off-set groove on each face of the blade. The shape of the weapon is similar to the ancient Greek Xiphos, the Roman Gladius, or the Scottish dirk; and has been used as a secondary weapon in Georgia and the Caucasus since ancient times.
This lovely Imperial Russian WWI Kindjal, known as the "Bebut" Artillery Model 1907, is a bit larger than the typical 19th Century example. Traditionally these were carried by the Cossacks, the South Russian Cavalry, these are wicked doubled edged daggers of very traditional style.
This example measures 23 ¼” in overall length, with a 17 1/4” blade that is in excellent condition. It is marked by the minimal crossguard with the Bow and Arrow Stamp emblem of the famous Tula Arsenal on both the blade and throat of the scabbard. There is a unit marking on the hanger ring of the scabbard “56 97” which we believe to be a unit marking. This particular example is not dated, which indicates that it may be very early in production.
The blade is in very good condition, with the factory grinding marks still fully visible, and only minor staining. It is also quite sharp, with only a few small edge nicks. It was produced before the outbreak of WWI, so it almost certainly saw service during the conflict. The grip is the standard wood with brass fittings, secured with two large dome headed rivets, which is the traditional design. It still has the original factory brown finish retained very well, and shows little sign of use. The included brass fitted wooden scabbard is in good condition, without a belt frog.
A very desirable Russian Imperial military Kindjal for a serious collector of World War I or Russian edged weapons. Ready to display!
Overall length: 23 1/4”
Blade length: 17 1/4”
Blade Style: Curved "Kindjal" Double Edged
Scabbard length: 19”
The Russian Civil War
The Russian Civil War was a multi-party civil war in the former Russian Empire sparked by the overthrowing of the monarchy and the new republican government's failure to maintain stability, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future, resulting in the formation of the RSFSR and later the Soviet Union in most of its territory. Its finale marked the end of the Russian Revolution, which was one of the key events of the 20th century.
The Russian monarchy had been overthrown by the 1917 February Revolution, and Russia was in a state of political flux. A tense summer culminated in the Bolshevik-led October Revolution, overthrowing the Provisional Government of the Russian Republic. Bolshevik rule was not universally accepted, and the country descended into civil war. The two largest combatants were the Red Army, fighting for the Bolshevik form of socialism led by Vladimir Lenin, and the loosely allied forces known as the White Army, which included diverse interests favoring political monarchism, capitalism and social democracy, each with democratic and anti-democratic variants. In addition, rival militant socialists, notably Makhnovia anarchists and Left SRs, as well as non-ideological Green armies, opposed the Reds, the Whites and foreign interventionists. Thirteen foreign nations intervened against the Red Army, notably the former Allied military forces from the World War with the goal of re-establishing the Eastern Front. Three foreign nations of the Central Powers also intervened, rivaling the Allied intervention with the main goal of retaining the territory they had received in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
The Bolsheviks initially consolidated control over most of the country. They made an emergency peace with the German Empire, who had captured vast swathes of Russia in the chaos of the revolution and the context of World War I. In May 1918, the Czechoslovak Legion in Russia revolted in Siberia. In reaction, the Allies began an intervention in Northern Russia and Siberia. That, combined with the creation of the Provisional All-Russian Government, saw the reduction of the Bolsheviks to most of European Russia and parts of Central Asia. In November, Alexander Kolchak launched a coup to take control of the Russian State, establishing a de facto military dictatorship.
The White Army launched several attacks from the east in March, the south in July, and west in October 1919. The advances were later checked by the Eastern Front counteroffensive, the Southern Front counteroffensive, and the defeat of the Northwestern Army. The White Movement also suffered greater loss as the Allies pulled back from northern and southern Russia. With the main base of the Russian SFSR secured, the Soviets could now strike back.
The armies under Kolchak were eventually forced on a mass retreat eastward. Soviet forces advanced east, despite encountering resistance in Chita, Yakut and Mongolia. Soon the Red Army split the Don and Volunteer armies, forcing evacuations in Novorossiysk in March and the Crimea in November 1920. After that, anti-Bolshevik resistance was sporadic for several years until the collapse of the White Army in Yakutia in June 1923, but continued on in central Asia and Khabarovsk Krai until 1934. There were an estimated 7 to 12 million casualties during the war, mostly civilians.
Many pro-independence movements emerged after the break-up of the Russian Empire and fought in the war. Several parts of the former Russian Empire—Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland—were established as sovereign states, with their own civil wars and wars of independence. The rest of the former Russian Empire was consolidated into the Soviet Union shortly afterwards.
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