Original U.S. WWII USMC Paramarine Type 1 Jump Smock Paratrooper Jacket with Stencil - As Seen In Book

Item Description

Original Items: One-of-a-kind. This genuine, ultra rare, one-of-a-kind, USMC 1st type Step-in smock with Marine Parachute wings stencil is featured on pages 164-169 of the book United States Marine Corps: Uniforms, Insignia and Personal Items of World War II by Harlan Glenn. In fact this smock was purchased by IMA from the estate of renown collector and author Mr. Jeff Warner.

This is a genuine, ultra rare, one-of-a-kind, USMC 1st type Step-in smock, quite similar in design to the early German paratrooper's smock. The 1st type has an exposed full frontal zipper, black stenciled EGA and USMC on left chest. Additionally the is a Marine Parachute wings stencil over the EGA. Fetures two pockets - one with two snap buttons and the other with three. Large padded elbows (which have been removed on this example), two large lower zipper tan canvas pockets, snap button parachutist knife pocket on lower left side and a large 3-snap button on back of the smock. It is offered in very good condition with only minor wear. An incredibly scarce genuine WW2 Paramarine smock type 1.

Approximate Measurements:
Collar to Shoulder: 10.5"
Shoulder to Sleeve: 22"
Shoulder to Shoulder:20"
Chest width: 23'
Waist width: 22"
Hip width:23"
Front length: 37"

The first cohort of Marines paratroopers trained at NAS Lakehurst in New Jersey in October 1940, eventually becoming the 1st Marine Parachute Battalion. They were followed by a second group in December 1940, forming the 2nd Marine Parachute Battalion. A third class trained at Camp Kearny in San Diego, California in early 1941, eventually forming the 3rd Marine Parachute Battalion. After the United States entered World War II, the training program was stepped up, and a special training camp and parachute training school was opened temporarily at Camp Elliott in San Diego in May 1942, next to Camp Kearny, moving to purpose-built accommodation nearby at Camp Gillespie in September 1942. A second training camp and parachute training school opened at Hadnot Point on the New River in North Carolina in June 1942, but closed in July 1943.

The 1st Parachute Battalion was attached to the 1st Marine Division for the invasion of Guadalcanal. On 7 August 1942 the unit conducted an amphibious assault on the small island of Gavutu and later seized the neighbouring island of Tanambogo with other Marine units. The battalion later moved to Guadalcanal fighting alongside the 1st Marine Raiders in the Tasimboko raid and the Battle of Edson's Ridge. The high casualties suffered by the Marine paratroopers led the battalion to be moved to Camp Kiser in Tontouta, New Caledonia in September. The 2nd Parachute Battalion performed a diversionary raid on Choiseul Island in October 1943 and later joined the 1st and 3rd Parachute Battalion on Bougainville.

The three parachute battalions with approximately 3,000 members, had become the 1st Marine Parachute Regiment, of the I Marine Amphibious Corps. Four parachute operations were planned but never executed.

However, the need for and cost of a parachute corps in the Marines was questioned, as were other specialized elite units, such as the Marine Raiders. The Marine Corps also lacked the transport aircraft required for a massed parachute drop. On 30 December 1943, Marine Commandant Thomas Holcomb ordered the 1st Marine Parachute Regiment to be disbanded, and along with the Marine Raider units, it officially ceased to exist on 29 February 1944.

Apart from a small group including Peter Julien Ortiz who parachuted into France as part of an Office of Strategic Services team to support the French Resistance, the Paramarines never dropped by parachute into combat, but were utilized during beach raids in the Pacific campaign, including at Guadalcanal. Paramarines at San Diego were transferred to the 5th Marine Division which landed on Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945. Former Paramarines, Cpl. Harlon H. Block and Pfc. Ira H. Hayes, assisted in the raising of the American flag on Mount Suribachi on 23 February 1945, depicted in Joe Rosenthal's iconic photograph. A third former Paramarine, Sgt. Henry O. "Hank" Hansen, had participated in the first American flag-raising earlier that day. 4 of the 82 Marine Medal of Honor recipients in World War II, were former Paramarines who were awarded the medal for their heroic actions on Iwo Jima.
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