Original U.S. WWII M1942 Garand Bayonet by Union Fork & Hoe with Detroit Gasket M3 Scabbard - dated 1942
Original Item: Only One Available. This is a very nice condition U.S. M1942 bayonet for the M1 Garand Rifle, complete with the correct WWII Issue M3 fiberglass scabbard. Technically, this bayonet is considered an M1905 bayonet by the U.S. Army, manufactured in 1942 with plastic ribbed grips. The M1 Garand rifle was designed to take the same blade bayonet as the M1903 Springfield rifle, so at the beginning of the war they were issued with bayonets originally made for those rifles. To keep up with Wartime production, new orders were placed for a version of the M1905 bayonet with plastic grips, and collectors use the designation M1942 for these bayonets, made from 1942 to 1943. Six civilian firms produced 1,540,578 M1905 bayonets from April 1942 to May 1943.
After this, the specification was changed to have a 10 inch blade, and many M1905 bayonets were shortened to this length. This bayonet however is still in the original configuration, which is rare to find on the market today.
The blade ricasso is marked with maker U. F. H. (Union Fork & Hoe of Columbus, Ohio) above U.S. around the Ordnance flaming bomb. Below this is the manufacture date of 1942. The original phosphate finish on the blade of this example is about 30-40% intact, with most remaining on the spine and fuller. The tip and edge of the bayonet have been sharpened, but not enough to alter the original blade shape. The crossguard and grip retain a lot of the finish, and the plastic grip panels are in excellent condition, with no issues.
The original M3 scabbard on this example is a rare example, produced by Detroit Gasket & Manufacturing Company of Detroit, Michigan. Their contract, number 374ORD 1293 was for $251,000 and called for deliveries to be made from January 1942 to June 1943. The body of the scabbard was made of different materials than Beckwith MFG Co used, consisting of cotton tubing impregnated with a phenol-formaldehyde thermosetting resin. Scabbards made of this material have a much finer weave in the body material, and the resin is a dark brown. These were marked with a sideways "Lazy S" under the "flaming bomb" on the throat.
The scabbard bodies proved to be brittle in service, and it was recommended that a change in the type of plastic be made. Also, it proved almost impossible to find a paint that would adhere properly to the body, and most of those found today will have much of the paint missing, such as this example. This does however clearly show the structure of the tubing. The throat still has much of the original finish, making this a very nice example of a rare scabbard.
A very nice 16” M1942 Garand bayonet by Union Fork & Hoe with a rare original DG & M Co. scabbard! Ready to display or fit on your Garand Rifle.
Blade Length: 16"
Blade Style: Single Edged with Fuller
Overall length: 20 1/2“
Crossguard: 3 1/2”
Scabbard Length: 17"
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