Original U.S. WWII M1942 Garand 16" Bayonet by Union Fork & Hoe with Rare “CAB” Grips and USN MK 1 Scabbard - dated 1943
Original Item: Only One Available. This is an excellent condition U.S. M1942 bayonet for the M1 Garand Rifle, complete with the correct WWII Issue M3 scabbard. Technically, this bayonet is considered an M1905 bayonet by the U.S. Army, manufactured in 1942 with plastic ribbed grips. The M1 Garand rifle was designed to take the same blade bayonet as the M1903 Springfield rifle, so at the beginning of the war they were issued with bayonets originally made for those rifles. To keep up with Wartime production, new orders were placed for a version of the M1905 bayonet with plastic grips, and collectors use the designation M1942 for these bayonets, made from 1942 to 1943. Six civilian firms produced 1,540,578 M1905 bayonets from April 1942 to May 1943.
After this, the specification was changed to have a 10 inch blade, and many M1905 bayonets were shortened to this length. This bayonet however is still in the original configuration, which is rare to find on the market today.
The blade ricasso is marked with maker U. F. H. (Union Fork & Hoe of Columbus, Ohio) above U.S. around the Ordnance flaming bomb. Below this is the manufacture date of 1943. The reverse ricasso also has a smaller very faintly marked ordnance "flaming bomb" proof. The parkerized finish on the bayonet is in very good condition, however the blade has definitely been sharpened at arsenal, and possibly refinished. The edge is still quite sharp, with no nicks or edge dents. The hilt has almost no oxidation that we can see, and the red plastic grips are in excellent condition. The red grips present on this example are actually somewhat rare. The bayonet doesn't have the standard black plastic grips, instead they are made of Cellulose Acetate Butyrate, commonly called CAB. In use, it was found that this material was softened by the solvents used to remove grease in the field. As it had been found that there were sufficient supplies of the black Bakelite material, the use of CAB was discontinued in April 1943. Original use of these grips was therefore restricted to the 16 inch blade M1905 bayonet. The red grips were almost exclusively used by American Fork and Hoe (AFH), although it is possible that some small amounts were used by other makers, as seen on this example. They were supposed to be replaced when the bayonet went through rebuild or was shortened to M1 length, but this did not always happen.
The original M3 type scabbard is marked U.S.N. MK I on the parkerized steel throat over the "Flaming Bomb", and is in excellent condition. The B N marking on the underside of the metal throat lip indicates manufacture by Beckwith Manufacturing, who produced a variety of thermoplastic impregnated cotton fabric scabbards during the war. The N is for New England Pressed Steel, who made the steel throats under contract with Beckwith. The scabbard body is in great shape, with an almost fully intact original finish, and just some light scuffs. It has some stenciled markings indicating that it was in U.S.N. service. The throat is also great, with just some light wear and staining.
A very nice clean 16” M1942 Garand bayonet with original scabbard by Union fork and Hoe! Ready to display or fit on your Garand Rifle.
Blade Length: 16"
Blade Style: Single Edged with Fuller
Overall length: 20 1/2“
Crossguard: 3 1/2”
Scabbard Length: 17"
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