Original U.S. WWII Early War US Army Captain’s Philippine Division Class A Uniform Coat
Original Item: Only One Available. This is a wonderful example of an earl war class A uniform coat that belonged to a Captain in the Philippine Division. The Captain remains unidentified, and could very well have been a victim of the atrocities committed by the Japanese after the unit’s surrender.
Units of the Philippine Division were on security missions at Manila, Fort McKinley, and Bataan prior to the declaration of war in the Pacific, 8 December 1941. After undergoing 2 days of bombings, the Division moved into the field to cover the withdrawal of troops to Bataan and to resist the enemy in the Subic Bay area. From 11 to 23 December, positions were organized and strengthened and on 23 December the Division was assigned to the Bataan Defense Forces. While the 31st Infantry moved to the vicinity of Zig-Zag to cover the flanks of troops withdrawing from central and southern Luzon, 30 December, the rest of the Division organized the main and reserve positions on Bataan. The 31st Infantry moved to a defensive position on the west side of the Olongapo Road near Layac Junction, 5 January 1942. This junction was lost on the 6th, but the withdrawal to Bataan had been successfully concluded.
The Division was placed in reserve from 7 to 14 January 1942. This period was largely one of reconnaissance and development by the Japanese in preparation for their attack on the main battle position on the Abucay line. Elements repulsed night attacks near Abucay, 10-12 January,, and other elements of the Division counterattacked on the 16th. Strong offensive and defensive action was not able to prevent enemy penetrations and the Division withdrew to the Reserve Battle Position in the Pilar-Bagac area, 2 January. Until the latter part of March the enemy, made cautious by heavy losses, engaged in patrols and limited local attacks, and after a general retirement, 24 February, did not undertake any serious activity on this front until 28 March. During this period elements of the Division were shifted to assist in the defense of other sectors. The enemy attack on 28 March struck at a division weakened by malnutrition, sickness, and prolonged exposure to combat.
The Division, no longer operating as a coordinated unit, was unable to counterattack against heavy enemy assaults. On 8 April, the 57th Infantry and the 31st Infantry were lost near the Alangan River, and the 45th Infantry surrendered, 10 April 1942. The victory over Japan ended the misery of Japanese prison camps for the survivors of the Philippine Division.
The overall condition of the uniform dress jacket is close to excellent. The color is still very much the original OD green color and has minimal age toning and scattered moth nips. All buttons are present, each shoulder has a lovely set of Captain’s bars, there are US designators on each collar as well as the infantry crossed rifles.
The left shoulder features a lovely shoulder sleeve insignia. The insignia consists of a gold caboshed carabao’s head on a scarlet spade-shaped shield. The carabao is suggestive of the Philippines, and the colors red and gold represent the Spanish heritage of the islands.
This is an excellent opportunity to pick up a fantastic and rather rare US early Army Dress Uniform! Comes more than ready for further research and display.
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