Original U.S. WWI Medal Lot With Insignia and 31st Aero Squadron Marked Collar Disc - 12 Items

Item Description

Original Items: Only One Lot of 12 Available. This is a wonderful lot geared towards the young collector. These are all items that would be fantastic starting points for an individual looking for a place to start. All items are in wonderful condition and do show wear, which is consistent with service use.

The Items In This Collection:
- (4) US Victory Medals: The medals do show wear and two of them have battle clasps for DESTROYER, ARMED GUARD and TRANSPORT. One of the ribbons on the medal is separated and frayed so do handle it with caution.

The World War I Victory Medal (known prior to establishment of the World War II Victory Medal in 1945 simply as the Victory Medal) was a United States service medal designed by James Earle Fraser of New York City under the direction of the Commission of Fine Arts.

Award of a common allied service medal was recommended by an inter-allied committee in March 1919. Each allied nation would design a 'Victory Medal' for award to their military personnel, all issues having certain common features, including a winged figure of victory on the obverse and the same ribbon.

The Victory Medal was originally intended to be established by an act of Congress. The bill authorizing the medal never passed, however, thus leaving the military departments to establish it through general orders. The War Department published orders in April 1919, and the Navy in June of the same year.

The front of the bronze medal features a winged Victory holding a shield and sword on the front. The back of the bronze medal features "The Great War For Civilization" in all capital letters curved along the top of the medal. Curved along the bottom of the back of the medal are six stars, three on either side of the center column of seven staffs wrapped in a cord.

The top of the staff has a round ball on top and is winged on the side. The staff is on top of a shield that says "U" on the left side of the staff and "S" on the right side of the staff. On left side of the staff it lists one World War I Allied country per line: France, Italy, Serbia, Japan, Montenegro, Russia, and Greece. On the right side of the staff the Allied country names read: Great Britain, Belgium, Brazil, Portugal, Rumania (spelled with a U instead of an O as it is spelled now), and China.

The (4) Navy Battle Clasps Present:
- X2 TRANSPORT: Personnel regularly attached to a transport or cargo vessel
-DESTROYER: Service on destroyers on the Atlantic Ocean
- ARMED GUARD: Merchant personnel(freighters, tankers, and troop ship)

- (2) State of New York WWI Service Medals: The World War I Service Medal issued by New York State in the United States is a World War I service medal designed by Captain Charles Joseph Dieges after being selected from over 100 submitted designs. His firm, Dieges & Clust, also manufactured the medals. Over 500,000 New Yorkers served in World War I and were eligible for this medal.

- Early War Air Service Collar Disc, Marked on Reverse With “31 Aero”: The United States Army Air Service (USAAS) (also known as the "Air Service", "U.S. Air Service" and before its legislative establishment in 1920, the "Air Service, United States Army") was the aerial warfare service component of the United States Army between 1918 and 1926 and a forerunner of the United States Air Force. It was established as an independent but temporary branch of the U.S. War Department during World War I by two executive orders of President Woodrow Wilson: on May 24, 1918, replacing the Aviation Section, Signal Corps as the nation's air force; and March 19, 1919, establishing a military Director of Air Service to control all aviation activities. Its life was extended for another year in July 1919, during which time Congress passed the legislation necessary to make it a permanent establishment. The National Defense Act of 1920 assigned the Air Service the status of "combatant arm of the line" of the United States Army with a major general in command.

- 316th Machine Gun Battalion Collar Disc: Great condition though we do not know the Battalion’s parent unit.

- Supply Train Company Collar Disc: Wonderful condition with pronounced detail.

- US Army Corps of Engineers Corps Castle Insignia: The medieval castle as a logo was started in 1840 on an informal basis. Beginning in 1841, cadets at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York wore personal insignia of this type known as Gold Castles on their uniforms as they became commissioned officers in the U.S. Army. In 1902, the Corps Castle was formally adopted by the Army as the insignia of the Corps of Engineers. On formal and semi-formal uniforms, the logo is customarily gold in color, although it was changed to silver from gold from 1894–1921. When displayed on combat uniforms for special events, it is customarily black in color. In visual color media, the Corps Castle logo is customarily presented in red and white colors.

- U.S. Insignia: Wonderful Condition with much of the original silver finish still present.

- Captain’s Rank: Wonderful condition with much of the original finish present as well as a functional pin arm.

A wonderful lot of items ready for display.

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