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Original U.S. WWI Advance Sector Service of Supply M1917 Uniform Service Coat

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Item Description

Original Item: Only One Available. United States World War One Model 1917 army service coat for a member of the Advance Sector Service of Supply. All buttons are present, and the collar hooks and eyes are securely in place and fully functioning. Engineers collar dog and fantastic cloth embroidered Advance Sector Service of Supply patch to left shoulder.

Approximate Measurements:
Collar to shoulder: 9”
Shoulder to sleeve: 24”
Shoulder to shoulder: 17”
Chest width: 20”
Waist width: 18”
Hip width: 23”
Front length: 30.5”

The Services of Supply (S. O. S., S.O.S. or SOS) was the support chain of the American Expeditionary Forces in France, England, Italy and the Netherlands during World War I. It was activated on July 5, 1917 and inactivated on August 31, 1919.

Services of Supply (SOS) of the American Expeditionary Forces was established under the designation "Line of Communications," on July 5, 1917. The Line of Communications was judged by senior officers, including Colonel Johnson Hagood, who was in charge of the advance section, to be incompetent. It was re-designated "Service of the Rear" on February 16, 1918 to March 12, 1918. It was finally designated as "Services of Supply" on March 13, 1918. Its headquarters was in Tours, France. SOS consisted of base sections, which provided seaport and receiving services; an intermediate section, which provided storage and services; and an advanced section, which also stored supplies and issued them to line forces. Services of Supply remained in operation until July 19, 1919; some of its sections were transferred to American Forces in France and American Forces in Germany

On September 7, 1917, General John Pershing directed that a ninety-day reserve of all classes of supplies be maintained by monthly shipments to reduce the impact of possible German submarine attacks. The goal was to have reserves stockpiled as follows in the established sections :

- Forty-five days near ports in the base sections.
- Thirty days in the Intermediate Section.
- Fifteen days in the Advance Section.

The Advance Section, headquartered at Neufchâteau, France, distributed supplies to the zone of operations. After U.S. units entered combat, depots in the Advance Section made up railroad trains which moved the supplies to division railheads; from there on, supplies were the responsibility of the divisions. Advance Section area included the French Departments of Nord, Pas-de-Calais, Somme, Oise, Aisne, Ardennes, Marne, Aube, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse, Haute-Marne, Cote d'Or, Vosges, Haute-Saône, and Doubs and the Territoire de Belfort.
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