Item:
ON10769

Original U.S. WWI 304th Machine Gun Battalion 77th Liberty Division Named Tunic

Item Description

Original Item: One-of-a-kind. Captain John G. Gordon served during the great war with the  304th Machine Gun Battalion, 302nd Engineer Regiment, 77th Infantry Division. The tunic features a fantastic silk embroidered Liberty division patch, Lieutenant bars, and constructed of fine wool with cotton interior. The interior is faintly stenciled John G. Gordon 1st  LT. Overall it is in good but used condition. All buttons are present and there are no major defects. Also included ins his overseas garrison cap and copies of wartime documents named to Captain John G. Gordon.

The 77th Infantry Division was organized from draftees, drawn mostly of men from New York City, and trained at Camp Upton in Yaphank, New York in the central part of Suffolk County, Long Island; the camp is now Brookhaven National Laboratory. Men of the 307th Infantry Regiment (attached to the British 42nd Division for instruction), headed by a British regimental band, marching past Major-General Arthur Solly-Flood (42nd Division) on a road near Famechon, France, 7 June 1918. Square Division example: 1940 US Infantry Division. On the far left can be seen two Brigades of two Regiments each

The 77th Infantry Division was the first American division composed of draftees to arrive in France in World War I, landing in April 1918; overall it was the seventh of 42 divisions to reach the Western Front. The division fought in the Battle of Château-Thierry on 18 July 1918.

Throughout its service in France the 77th Division sustained 10,194 casualties: 1,486 killed and 8,708 wounded. The division returned to the United States in April 1919 and was deactivated later that month.

The 154th Infantry Brigade was composed of the 307th and 308th Infantry Regiments and the 306th Machine Gun Battalion. While the division had been recruited as a National Army unit from the New York City area, attrition and replacements had complicated the complexion of the unit. For example, Company K of the 307th Infantry, had been redesignated from the former Company L of the 160th Infantry, part of the California Army National Guard. The company had belonged to the 40th Division, which had been converted into a depot division in August 1918.
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