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ONSV6245

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Original U.S. Vietnam War Era General Colglazier Uniform

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Item Description

Original Items: One-of-a-kind. Robert Wesley Colglazier Jr. (October 18, 1904 – January 23, 1993) was a United States Army lieutenant general. He was prominent as the highest-ranking member of the Army Reserve on duty with the Regular Army in the 1960s, and as commander of the Fourth United States Army. In the 1950s and 1960s, Colglazier was recognized as one of the military's foremost experts on logistics management.

This Service Jacket and trousers is named on the inside tailor label to "Gen Colglazier". It is a large size approximately 42" US and offered in excellent condition. It is complete with bullion embroidered Lieutenant General three stars to the epaulets, medal ribbon bar and Fourth United States Army insignia patch. In 1964 he became the Commanding General of the Fourth US Army. The tailored pants are also included. This uniform dates from the Vietnam War Era. Both the jacket and pants are offered in excellent condition.


Early life
Colglazier graduated from Texas A&M University in 1925 with a degree in civil engineering, and began employment with his family's construction company, San Antonio's Colglazier Construction Company.

During the Great Depression Colglazier worked as director of the operations division for the Works Progress Administration in Texas.
Start of military career

Colglazier received a commission as a second lieutenant upon graduating from college, and began a career in the Army Reserve.

World War II
In 1941 Colglazier was called to active duty for World War II. After returning to active duty as a captain, he played a key role in the planning and organization for the construction of the Pentagon.

He attained the rank of colonel while carrying out engineer staff officer assignments in Northern Ireland, England, North Africa Italy and France. From 1942 to 1943, Colglazier was an engineer plans officer for the Mediterranean Base Section.

Post-World War II
After the war, Colglazier returned to San Antonio and was the president of the family business, now reorganized as Colglazier McKennon Construction, while also continuing to serve with the Army Reserve.

Korean War
In 1951, Colglazier was recalled to active duty for the Korean War. His assignments included several positions in the office of the Army's Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics, G4, where he coordinated the flow of supplies and equipment into South Korea and was recognized for his expertise in the field of military logistics management.

Post-Korean War
After the Korean War, Colgaizer was assigned as commander of U.S. Army Europe’s Communications Zone, serving from 1956 to 1957.

From 1957 to 1959, Colgaizer was the Army's Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics.

In 1959, he was named Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics, receiving a promotion to lieutenant general and serving until 1964. At the time of his promotion, Colgaizer was the highest-ranking reservist serving on active duty. During this assignment, Colglazier oversaw modernization of weapons and vehicles and an increase in procurement as the Army's effort in Vietnam increased.

Vietnam War
From 1964 to 1966, Colglazier commanded the Fourth Army in San Antonio. During his command, Colgaizer also generated headlines when he reduced the sentence of Private First Class Winstel R. Belton, who had gone on a hunger strike to protest orders to report to Vietnam. Belton was originally sentenced to five years imprisonment, but Colglazier reduced the penalty to a one-year suspended sentence, provided that Belton report to Vietnam, which he did.


Awards
His personal decorations included the Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star Medal, Army Commendation Medal, Order of the British Empire, French Legion of Honor and French Croix de Guerre.


Military retirement and later career
Colglazier retired from the Army in 1966. In retirement he remained active with Texas A&M, serving as councilman-at-large for the Association of Former Students. He was named a Texas A&M Distinguished Alumnus in 1971.
Death and burial

Colglazier resided in San Antonio and died there on January 23, 1993.
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