Original U.S. Springfield Trapdoor Model 1884 Round Rod Bayonet Rifle with New York Markings - Serial No 551963

Item Description

Original Item: Only One available. The U.S. breech loading Springfield "trapdoor" rifle was introduced in 1873 in .45-70 caliber. Basically it was the rifle the U.S. Army used to open the West and Springfield trapdoor carbines were used by Custer's Cavalry at the massacre at The Little Big Horn. This example has the breech block marking:


In 1884 the integral Round Rod Bayonet was introduced, which could double as a cleaning rod, a development that met with very limited success. It was finally replaced in 1892 with the .30-40 caliber Krag bolt action magazine rifle.

Model 1884 rifles saw service in the Spanish American War. The regular army was issued the new Krag rifles and the guard units received the trapdoor. There are a number of stereopticon pictures that show guard units armed with of 1884 rifles.

The Model 1884 round rod bayonet rifle was Springfield's third attempt at a rod bayonet system on a trapdoor rifle. They had used the triangular rod system on the Model 1880 and some Model 1882 rifles. The Model 1884 RRB rifle utilized a different, but no more reliable mechanism for retaining the rod. Because the small locking "fingers" are not clearly visible, the gun has been nicknamed "flatlatch."

Offered in good condition is this trapdoor rifle in 45-70 government caliber. Serial #551963 indicates manufacture in 1892, with a government inspector SWP / 1892 cartouche, indicating stock inspection in the same year. Original metal finish is very nice, with all proofs still present, and is a nice dark plum color. The butt plate is marked U.S., and both barrel bands are U marked.  Additionally, the rifle has unit markings on the top of the butt stock of 8 / N Y / 814, and on the side of 8 / 376. This indicates that it was in service in New York State, most likely with the National Guard or one of the Militias.

Hardware is in solid condition, with no signs of structural issues. The bore is in excellent condition, with a bright finish and crisp lands and grooves. The cleaning rod / bayonet is in good shape, with intact threads and a good deal of the original finish.

Another excellent and rarely seen feature on this example is the butt stock tool compartment, which is covered by a rotating door on the butt plate. We have had many Springfield Trapdoor rifles, but only some have had this feature. 

The stock is in good condition, with a great color and no major issues. The stock does have some scratches and dings, but it is still proud over the lock plate in places, indicating that it has not been refurbished. It has a great color, and the wonderful glowing patina of wood that has been lovingly polished for years. 

Center fire breechloader, .45 cal., two bands, two sling swivels with stacking swivel, Buffington sight, sliding ramrod bayonet. Lock is marked with an eagle and U.S. SPRINGFIELD manufactured by Springfield Armory, Springfield Massachusetts.

The elegant script SWP belongs to Samuel W. Porter, who was the Master Armorer and Chief Inspector of Springfield Armory from 15 September 1879 to 18 June 1894. A stylized P in a circle under the wrist of the stock indicates that the rifle passed all of its overpressure proof testing. Additional marks of interest include inspectors' and proof marks around the breech end of the barrel: a capital on top; and a V over a P over an eagle's head over another P on the left side just above the stock. The upper right corner of the Buffington sight leaf is marked R to indicate that the sight graduations are for a rifle and not a carbine.


Year of Manufacture: 1892
Caliber: .45-70 Government
Cartridge Type: Centerfire Cartridge
Barrel Length: 32 Inches

Overall Length: 52 Inches
Action type: Hinged Breechblock with side action lock.
Feed System: Single Shot

Note: This gun is NOT considered obsolete calibre, so we are no able to ship to the United Kingdom. Please note that for international shipping, these MUST be shipped using UPS WW Services.

  • This product is not available for shipping in US state(s)
    New Jersey

    This product is available for international shipping.
  • Not eligible for payment with Paypal or Amazon


Cash For Collectibles