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Original U.S. Springfield Trapdoor Model 1884 Round Rod Bayonet Rifle made in 1891 - Serial No 521719

Regular price $1,195.00

Item Description

Original Item: Only One available. The U.S. breech loading Springfield "trapdoor" rifle was introduced in 1873 in .45-70 caliber. Basically it was the rifle the U.S. Army used to open the West and Springfield trapdoor carbines were used by Custer's Cavalry at the massacre at The Little Big Horn. This example has the breech block marking:


In 1884 the integral Round Rod Bayonet was introduced, which could double as a cleaning rod, a development that met with very limited success. It was finally replaced in 1892 with the .30-40 caliber Krag bolt action magazine rifle.

Model 1884 rifles saw service in the Spanish American War. The regular army was issued the new Krag rifles and the guard units received the trapdoor. There are a number of stereopticon pictures that show guard units armed with of 1884 rifles.

The Model 1884 round rod bayonet rifle was Springfield's third attempt at a rod bayonet system on a trapdoor rifle. They had used the triangular rod system on the Model 1880 and some Model 1882 rifles. The Model 1884 RRB rifle utilized a different, but no more reliable mechanism for retaining the rod. Because the small locking "fingers" are not clearly visible, the gun has been nicknamed "flatlatch."

Offered in very nice service used condition is this trapdoor rifle in 45-70 government caliber. The serial number is #521719, which indicates production in approximately July 1891, per U.S. Government records. This technically makes it a model 1888 according to some sources. This rifle has all of the gradual "updates" that were made to the original design. The left side of the stock bears a "boxed" government inspector SWP / 1891 cartouche, indicating stock inspection in the same year.

The metalwork on the rifle shows long service, as well as past moisture exposure and cleaning. There is peppering and signs of past pitting over much of the barrel, breech block, and receiver, as well as on the lock plate. It looks like this rifle was stored in less than ideal conditions for a long time, and then was cleaned up to put it in its best light. The bore is in very good condition, showing clear lands and grooves and a partly bright finish. The grooves are definitely a bit dark from fouling, and the lands show some wear, so this is a rifle that saw a good amount of use in service. The cleaning rod / bayonet is functional, with a nice finish, however the threaded end was cut off along with at least 6 inches, so it can no longer function as a cleaning rod.

The stock is in very good condition, and is still mostly proud over the lock plate, indicating the stock has not been worn down or reconditioned. There are the usual dents and small chips from service, but it's got a lovely red brown color and patina, only achieved after decades. It does show some damage on the right side of the butt stock, which looks to show cracking from moisture exposure, as well as some repairs. Another nice feature on this example is the butt stock tool compartment, which is covered by a rotating door on the butt plate. This was used to store the take down tool and stuck cartridge extractor. Unfortunately this compartment is empty.

The both barrel bands are U marked, and the butt plate tang is marked with the correct U.S. stamp. Center fire breechloader, .45 cal., two bands, two sling swivels with stacking swivel, Buffington sight, sliding ramrod bayonet. Lock is marked with an eagle and U.S. / SPRINGFIELD, manufactured at the United States Armory and Arsenal at Springfield, in Springfield, Massachusetts. The lock is fully functional, and the cartridge extractor is intact and functional, though we have not tested it on spent brass. The rear sight is fully functional, with both range and windage easily adjustable.

The elegant script SWP belongs to Samuel W. Porter, who was the Master Armorer and Chief Inspector of Springfield Armory from 15 September 1879 to 18 June 1894. A very faint stylized P in a circle under the wrist of the stock indicates that the rifle passed all of its overpressure proof testing. Additional marks of interest include inspectors' and proof marks around the breech end of the barrel: a capital A on top; and a P over an Eagle's head over another P on the left side just above the stock. The upper right corner of the Buffington sight leaf is marked R to indicate that the sight graduations are for a rifle and not a carbine.

A great chance to pickup a very nice service used example of the United States last single shot rifle! Ready to display!


Year of Manufacture: 1891
Caliber: .45-70 Government
Cartridge Type: Centerfire Cartridge
Barrel Length: 32 Inches

Overall Length: 52 Inches
Action type: Hinged Breechblock with side action lock.
Feed System: Single Shot

NOTE: This gun is NOT considered obsolete calibre, so we are not able to ship to the United Kingdom. Please note that for international shipping, these MUST be shipped using UPS WW Services. International customers should always consult their country's antique gun laws prior to ordering.

  • This product is not available for shipping in US state(s)
    New Jersey

    This product is available for international shipping.
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