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Original U.S. Springfield Trapdoor Model 1884 Rifle with Standard Rod made in 1890 - Serial No 478230

Item Description

Original Item: Only One available. The U.S. breech loading Springfield "trapdoor" rifle was introduced in 1873 in .45-70 caliber. Basically it was the rifle the U.S. Army used to open the West and Springfield trapdoor carbines were used by Custer's Cavalry at the massacre at The Little Big Horn. This example has the breech block marking which is faint:


In 1884 the integral Round Rod Bayonet was introduced, which could double as a cleaning rod, a development that met with very limited success. However, it was not fitted to all model 1884s. It was finally replaced in 1892 with the .30-40 caliber Krag bolt action magazine rifle.

Model 1884 rifles saw service in the Spanish American War. The regular army was issued the new Krag rifles and the guard units received the trapdoor. There are a number of stereopticon pictures that show guard units armed with of 1884 rifles.

Offered in very good condition is this trapdoor rifle in 45-70 government caliber. Serial #478230 indicates manufacture in 1890, with a faint government inspector SWP / 1889 cartouche, indicating the year the stock was inspected. Original metal finish has been worn to a nice gray patina with all proofs still present, and a bit of light pitting in places. The butt plate is marked U.S., and both barrel bands are U marked. The butt plate does have some degree of past pitting, which has been ground out.

The hardware is in solid condition, with no signs of structural issues. The bore is in very good shape, with crisp lands and grooves, and a mostly bright finish with a few light stains. The cleaning rod has some light pitting, and the ribbed jag end is intact. The stock is in great shape, with the lovely red-brown color of aged oiled walnut. It has been sanded a bit, so it is even with the lock plate, however it really is lovely, as most of the scratches and dents were removed.

Center fire breechloader, .45 cal., two bands, two sling swivels with stacking swivel, Buffington sight, and standard cleaning rod. Lock is marked with an eagle and U.S. SPRINGFIELD manufactured by Springfield Armory, Springfield Massachusetts.

The elegant script SWP belongs to Samuel W. Porter, who was the Master Armorer and Chief Inspector of Springfield Armory from 15 September 1879 to 18 June 1894. A stylized P in a circle under the wrist of the stock indicates that the rifle passed all of its overpressure proof testing. Additional marks of interest include inspectors' and proof marks around the breech end of the barrel: a capital A on top; and a V over a P over an eagle's head over another P on the left side just above the stock. The upper right corner of the Buffington sight leaf is marked R to indicate that the sight graduations are for a rifle and not a carbine.


Year of Manufacture: 1886 - refitted 1890
Caliber: .45-70 Government
Cartridge Type: Centerfire Cartridge
Barrel Length: 32 Inches

Overall Length: 52 Inches
Action type: Hinged Breechblock with side action lock.
Feed System: Single Shot

Note: This gun is NOT considered obsolete calibre, so we are no able to ship to the United Kingdom. Please note that for international shipping, these MUST be shipped using UPS WW Services.

  • This product is not available for shipping in US state(s)
    New Jersey

    This product is available for international shipping.
  • Not eligible for payment with Paypal or Amazon


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