Item:
ONSV7172

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Original U.S. Springfield Trapdoor M1884 Rod Bayonet Rifle with Replacement Sight made in 1891 - Serial No 531632

Regular price $1,195.00

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Item Description

Original Item: Only One available. The U.S. breech loading Springfield "trapdoor" rifle was introduced in 1873 in .45-70 caliber. Basically it was the rifle the U.S. Army used to open the West and Springfield trapdoor carbines were used by Custer's Cavalry at the massacre at The Little Big Horn. This example has the breech block marking:

U.S.
MODEL
1884

In 1884 the integral Round Rod Bayonet was introduced, which could double as a cleaning rod, a development that met with very limited success. It was finally replaced in 1892 with the .30-40 caliber Krag bolt action magazine rifle.

Model 1884 rifles saw service in the Spanish American War. The regular army was issued the new Krag rifles and the guard units received the trapdoor. There are a number of stereopticon pictures that show guard units armed with of 1884 rifles.

The Model 1884 round rod bayonet rifle was Springfield's third attempt at a rod bayonet system on a trapdoor rifle. They had used the triangular rod system on the Model 1880 and some Model 1882 rifles. The Model 1884 RRB rifle utilized a different, but no more reliable mechanism for retaining the rod. Because the small locking "fingers" are not clearly visible, the gun has been nicknamed "flatlatch."

Offered in very good condition is this trapdoor rifle in 45-70 government caliber. Serial #531632 indicates manufacture in 1891, which technically makes it a model 1888 according to some sources. This rifle has all of the gradual "updates" that were made to the original design, however at some point after that, the Buffington Adjustable rear sight was removed, and a standard ladder sight installed. It has the correct lower band with the top cutout, so it definitely had a Buffington a one point.

The left side of the stock bears a faint government inspector SWP / 1891 cartouche, indicating final inspection in the same year. Original metal finish has been faded to a nice worn brown patina with all proofs still present, and a bit of peppering in places. The butt plate is marked U.S., and both barrel bands are U marked.

Hardware is in solid condition, with no signs of structural issues. The bore is in very good condition, showing clear lands and grooves, and a mostly bright finish, with some areas of wear and oxidation in the grooves. The lock functions correctly, and the breech block opens as it should, with a functional ejector. The ramrod bayonet works correctly, but the latch is very stiff and we had to clamp it to get it out. Another nice feature on this example is the butt stock tool compartment, which is covered by a rotating door on the butt plate. This was used to store the take down tool and stuck cartridge extractor. Unfortunately this compartment is empty.

The stock is in good condition, and is still fully proud over the lock plate, indicating the stock has not been sanded down and refurbished. There are a few small dents and gouges from service, but it's got a lovely color and patina. It's very rare to see an original stock that has not been refurbished at some time or another. The sides of the butt stock are marked with rack numbers, so this was most likely issued to a state militia after service.

Center fire breechloader, .45 cal., two bands, two sling swivels with stacking swivel, sliding ramrod bayonet. Lock is marked with an eagle and U.S. / SPRINGFIELD indicating manufacture by Springfield Armory, Springfield Massachusetts.

The elegant script SWP belongs to Samuel W. Porter, who was the Master Armorer and Chief Inspector of Springfield Armory from 15 September 1879 to 18 June 1894. A faint stylized P in a circle under the wrist of the stock indicates that the rifle passed all of its overpressure proof testing. Additional marks of interest include inspectors' and proof marks around the breech end of the barrel: a capital A on top; and a V over a P over an eagle's head over another P on the left side just above the stock. These are a bit faint due to light oxidation and dirt. 

A great chance to pickup an excellent example of the United States last single shot rifle! Ready to display!

Specifications-

Year of Manufacture: 1891
Caliber: .45-70 Government
Cartridge Type: Centerfire Cartridge
Barrel Length: 32 Inches

Overall Length: 52 Inches
Action type: Hinged Breechblock with side action lock.
Feed System: Single Shot

Note: This gun is NOT considered obsolete calibre, so we are no able to ship to the United Kingdom. Please note that for international shipping, these MUST be shipped using UPS WW Services.

  • This product is not available for shipping in US state(s)
    New Jersey


    This product is available for international shipping.
  • Not eligible for payment with Paypal or Amazon

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