Original U.S. Smith & Wesson Nickel-Plated Russian Third Model No. 3 Revolver with "SH" Marking - Serial 42835
Original Item: Only One available. This is an amazing find! Every young "Wild West" fans dream: A real Cowboy Six-shooter! This is a very nice Nickel Plated example Smith & Wesson Russian Third Model No. 3 revolver in .44 Russian, identical to the Russian Contract models, except for the markings. It also features some very nice well-aged wooden grips. The S&W Model No. 3 was introduced in 1869 as the U.S. Army's principal sidearm, which they used until 1873.
This fine example features the standard 6 1/2" barrel and has a cylinder capacity of 6 shots, and functions in single-action only. It also features the distinctive "spur trigger guard", unique to the later issue Russian model revolvers. The top of the barrel bears all the S. & W. patent dates up to 1869:
SMITH & WESSON SPRINGFIELD MASS. U.S.A. PAT. JULY.10.60. JAN.17 FEB. 17 JULY 11.65 AUG.24.69 RUSSIAN MODEL
While designed for the Russians, after they reverse engineered the design, Smith & Wesson turned to the commercial market and other Governments to sell the revolver to. As this is a nickel plated example, it is most likely commercial issue, as Nickel Plate was not overly popular in the military world.
The serial number 42835 is stamped on the flat on the bottom of the grip, along with SH in a Diamond. This indicates that this revolver was purchased and subsequently marked by Schuyler Hartley & Graham for retail. This marking is somewhat rare. The inside of the right grip scale is also marked 42835, while he back of the cylinder, the latch, and the barrel extension are marked with 4136, so this is a re-worked revolver, not uncommon.
This is a Top-break revolver making loading extremely easy and frankly a much better system than the side loading Colts and Mervin & Hulbert revolvers. This was the same model revolver that the famous Lawman Wyatt Earp used in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral on October 26th 1881.
The revolver functions well, with a good cylinder lockup, and smooth crisp action. There is very little slop in the mechanics, so it does not appear to have been used much. The revolver breaks open correctly with strong ejection, and can be broken down correctly. The bore on the barrel has clear rifling, with some areas of oxidation. The nickel plated finish is worn in places, mostly on the barrel and around the grip. There is some light pitting on the barrel sides, but nothing major. It still has the original lanyard loop. The grips are in great shape, with a lovely worn look. There are no chips or cracks, and fit the revolver nicely.
A very nice used example, completely honest, ready for display!
More on the "Russian Model" No. 3:
Almost as soon as Smith & Wesson’s Model No. 3 American, the first practical big-bore metallic cartridge revolver, was introduced in 1870, a sample was presented to Russian military attaché Gen. Alexander Gorloff. By May 1, 1871, the first of many large contracts for the Russian military were being filled. The single action handgun also began going through several modifications—most of these alterations were those requested by Russian military officers at the factory. A major change they required was a newer, more powerful cartridge than its .44 American round. S&W developed the .44 S&W Russian, resulting in the retooling to fit the Russian ammunition for the Russian contracts as well as for commercial sales. Thus, the First Model Russian looked virtually identical to its American predecessor.
History of the Smith & Wesson Model No. 3
The Smith & Wesson Model 3 was a single-action, cartridge-firing, top-break revolver produced by Smith & Wesson from circa 1870 to 1915.
It was produced in several variations and sub-variations, including both the "Russian Model", so named because it was supplied to the military of the Russian Empire (41,000 No. 3's were ordered in .44 caliber by the Imperial Russian Army in 1871), and the "Schofield" model, named after Major George W. Schofield, who made his own modifications to the Model 3 to meet his perceptions of the Cavalry's needs. Smith & Wesson incorporated these modifications into an 1875 design they named after the Major, planning to obtain significant military contracts for the new revolver.
The S&W Model 3 was originally chambered for the .44 S&W American and .44 Russian cartridges, and typically did not have the cartridge information stamped on the gun (as is standard practice for most commercial firearms). Model 3 revolvers were later produced in an assortment of calibers, including .44 Henry Rimfire, .44-40, .32-44, .38-44, and .45 Schofield. The design would influence the smaller S&W .38 Single Action that is retroactively referred to as the Model 2.
Years of Manufacture: 1874
Caliber: .44 Russian
Ammunition Type: Centerfire Cartridge
Barrel Length: 6 1/2 inches
Overall Length: 12 inches
Action: Single Action
Feed System: 6 Shot Revolver
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