Original U.S. Model 1816 Springfield Conversion Musket Type II - Dated 1827 and 1862

Item Description

Original Item: Only One Available. This 1816 musket was converted to percussion in 1862 by Hewes & Phillips of Newark, New Jersey under contract for the U.S. government. Total conversions done by H&P were 20,000. This is the 2nd type conversion of which about 12,000 were done.

They were converted by fitting a replacement breech plug which has an integral bolster. The bolster is flat sided with no clean out screw and is stamped H&P on its face. The lockplate still carries its original stampings of US with the eagle and Springfield 1827 on the tail.

The 69 caliber smoothbore barrel is 42 long and features an 1861 style rear sight with 3 leafs. The top of the barrel is dated 1862. Bore is good. All metal of the gun is smooth and has a grey to light brown patina. The wood stock is near perfect with no dings and shows oil stain streaks from long storage in a gun rack.

Possibly one of the nicest on the market. An early U.S. Flintlock Musket converted to percussion in 1862 for the Civil War and probably never issued.

History of the Model 1816 Musket:

The War of 1812 had revealed many weaknesses in American muskets. The Model 1812 Musket was created in an attempt to improve both the design and manufacture of the musket. The Model 1816 made further improvements, and replaced the Model 1812. The Model 1812 had borrowed heavily from the design of the French Charleville model 1777 musket, and this design was retained for the Model 1816. The Model 1816 had a 42 inch long .69 caliber smoothbore barrel, similar to the Model 1812, but had a longer lock plate, a shorter trigger guard, and a longer bayonet than the Model 1812. The Model 1816 also had a more straight lined stock. The overall length of the weapon was 58 inches.

The Model 1816 musket was originally produced at the Harpers Ferry and Springfield Arsenals between 1816 and 1844. Around 675,000 were made, more than any other flintlock in U.S. history.

The Model 1816 was originally produced as a flintlock musket. Like many flintlock muskets, many of these were later converted to percussion cap, as the percussion cap system was much more reliable and weather resistant.

This model of Springfield musket was used by Texans during the Texas Revolution and by the US Army and militia during the Mexican-American War. During this conflict, the flintlock version of the Model 1816 was preferred by U.S. regular forces, due to percussion cap supply concerns.

It was also used during the early years of the American Civil War until around 1862.

Many improvements to the Model 1816 were made, producing the Model 1822, Model 1835, Model 1840, and Model 1842. U.S. Ordnance Department referred to these as different models, but in other U.S. government documents they are referred to as a continuation of the Model 1816. Modern histories are similarly inconsistent in the nomenclature of these weapons.

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