Item:
ONSV4990

Original U.S. Marine Nicaragua Medal of Merit Grouping

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Original Items: One-of-a-kind Set. This is a set of original medals to a unknown Marine that served in the Great War and the 2nd Nicaraguan campaign. The set includes a medal bar with WWI Victory Medal, 2nd Nicaraguan Campaign Medal with rim number 108 and ultra rare Nicaragua Medal of Merit. Also included is a a pair of 1920s officer collar EGA insignia lapel pins and an original photo of a Marine Crops office with side arm drawn.

1927 occupation of Nicaragua: Civil war erupted between the conservative and liberal factions on May 2, 1926, with liberals capturing Bluefields, and José María Moncada Tapia capturing Puerto Cabezas in August. Juan Bautista Sacasa declared himself Constitutional President of Nicaragua from Puerto Cabezas on December 1, 1926. Following Emiliano Chamorro Vargas' resignation, the Nicaraguan Congress selected Adolfo Diaz as designado, who then requested intervention from President Calvin Coolidge. On January 24, 1927, the first elements of US forces arrived, with 400 marines.

Government forces were defeated on February 6 at Chinandega, followed by another defeat at Muy Muy, prompting US Marine landings at Corinto and the occupation of La Loma Fort in Managua. Ross E. Rowell's Observation Squadron arrived on February 26, which included DeHavilland DH-4s. By March, the US had 2,000 troops in Nicaragua under the command of General Logan Feland. In May, Henry Stimson brokered a peace deal which included disarmament and promised elections in 1928. However, the Liberal commander Augusto César Sandino, and 200 of his men refused to give up the revolution.

On June 30, Sandino seized the San Albino gold mine, denounced the Conservative government, and attracted recruits to continue operations.[25]:308 The next month saw the Battle of Ocotal. Despite additional conflict with Sandino's rebels, US supervised elections were held on November 4, 1928, with Moncada the winner. Manuel Giron was captured and executed in February 1929, and Sandino took a year's leave in Mexico.By 1930, Sandino's guerilla forces numbered more than 5,000 men.

The Hoover administration started a US pullout such that by February 1932, only 745 men remained. Juan Sacasa was elected president in the November 6, 1932 election. The Battle of El Sauce was the last major engagement of the US intervention.
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