Original U.S. Flintlock Pennsylvania Long Rifle by Robert Martin of Baltimore circa 1808

Item Description

Original item: Only One Available. The long rifle, also known as longrifle, Kentucky rifle, or Pennsylvania rifle, was one of the first commonly used rifles for hunting and warfare. It is characterized by an unusually long barrel, which is widely believed to be a largely unique development of American rifles that was uncommon in European rifles of the same period.

The longrifle was developed on the American frontier in southeastern Pennsylvania, in the early 1700s. It continued to be developed technically and artistically until it passed out of fashion in the 19th century. The longrifle was the product of German gunsmiths who immigrated to new settlements in south eastern Pennsylvania in the early 1700s, and later in Virginia and other territories. Tax records from these locales indicate the dates these gunsmiths were in business.[3] Strong pockets of longrifle use and manufacture continued in the Appalachian Mountains of Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio and North Carolina well into the 20th century as a practical and efficient firearm for those rural segments of the nation. Longrifles could be made entirely by hand and hand-operated tooling, in a frontier setting.

This fine example has been fully cleaned to a lovely display condition. It is all brass mounted, and has a part octagonal and part round thick walled barrel of 34 1/2" with the overall length being 50 1/2". It has a beautiful fretted brass patch box with an ornate surround, which fits into the lovely curved brass butt plate. The brass trigger guard and all three ram rod pipes are also quite attractive. The flintlock mechanism is possibly a "trade" lock from England with only minimal decoration to the lock plate.

The iron barrel is marked in upper case letters R. MARTIN, a known maker who worked at 20 Frederick Street in BALTIMORE, Maryland from 1808 onwards. The wood stock is just lovely "tiger maple" which is full stocked almost to the muzzle with lots of character in a honey color.

Interestingly the bore is now mostly "smooth" and measures approximately .50 caliber. We feel that this most likely started out life as a .48 cal rifled barrel, which was then well-used, as indicated by the powder corrosion around the touch hole.

A very impressive "named" Pennsylvania Flintlock long gun, a truly lovely item to display.


Year of Manufacture: circa 1808
Caliber: approximately .50cal. Worn Away rifling.
Ammunition Type: .48 Lead Ball & Powder
Overall Length: 51 inches
Action: Flint-lock
Feed System: Muzzle-Loaded

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