Original U.S. Civil War Remington-Maynard Tape Primer Percussion Converted M1835 Rifled Musket - dated 1856
Original item: One Only. The U.S. Model 1835 Musket was a .69 caliber smoothbore flintlock, with a 42-inch barrel and an overall length of 58 inches. It replaced the previous model 1822 musket, and often is viewed as a further development of that design. It was really only an incremental change, and many differences involved how the musket was produced, rather than the actual design. The emphasis was on making some interchangeable parts, and to use more accurate manufacturing methods. This paved the way for the later model of 1842, the first U.S. musket to have fully interchangeable parts.
The Model 1835 was produced by the Springfield Armory, Harpers Ferry Armory, and numerous other contractors. It was eventually superseded by the model 1840 and 1842 muskets, the former of which was originally made in Flintlock, but most were converted to percussion before they made it to the field. The 1842 was only made in percussion.
In the 1850s, many of the Flintlock Muskets in Arsenal were converted to Percussion, which was a much more reliable and water-resistant ignition system. This involved all variants of the Model of the 1816. This helped to standardize the types of ammunition carried by the soldiers in the field.
Many were altered by Frankford Arsenal with the new Maynard Type primer locks and percussion bolsters made by the Remington Arms Co of New York. Remington Arms contracted with the government between 1856 to 1859 for 20,000 Maynard primer locks and bolsters and delivered all to Philadelphia’s Frankford Arsenal location. These were then fitted to the muskets during conversion, and the bores were rifled during this process. The rear sights were also replaced with ones similar to the Model 1855 Springfield.
The outbreak of the Civil War in the United States created a large need for percussion muskets, as the number of modern firearms currently on hand was far short of what was needed. To fill this need, many muskets converted to percussion in the 1840s-1850s were pressed back into service, such as this example.
This very interesting rifle began life as a Springfield Model 1835 Musket, most likely produced at either Springfield or Harpers Ferry. It could possibly be an 1822 model, but the barrels on those were usually not suitable for conversion to a rifled bore.
The Maynard tape primer lock was one of the 20,000 produced by the Remington Arms Co., as indicated by markings on the tail of the lock plate:
There is also marking of 1856 / R on the barrel tang. There are also some inspection marks stamped into some components, and the iron butt plate is stamped U.S.. The barrel is fitted with the standard ramp of the model 1855 sight, but the ladder and slider have been replaced with aftermarket components. The lock functions correctly, holding at half cock and firing at full, and the tape primer system still looks functional.
The musket's mounts are all of iron and have a lovely lightly oxidized patina over most parts. There is some powder burn around the original cap nipple on the barrel, so this musket did see some use once converted to percussion. However there is no major pitting, so it looks to have not been used once it was deemed obsolete. The original ramrod is still present, which looks to be a 1822 style reduced in size.
The walnut stock does show wear, as well as some small repairs, however there are no major structural cracks. Some chunks missing in areas, such as in front of the lock plate.
A very nice example of a typical U.S. musket that was given new life by later modification. Many soldiers during the civil war were armed with this exact type of rifled musket. Hard to find and ready to display!
Year of Manufacture: circa 1830 - converted 1856
Caliber: .73" Rifled
Cartridge Type: Ball and Powder
Barrel Length: 42 Inches
Overall Length: 57 Inches
Action type: Side Action Percussion Lock with Tape Primer
Feed System: Muzzle Loading
History of the Model 1835 Musket:
The War of 1812 had revealed many weaknesses in American muskets. The Model 1812 Musket was created in an attempt to improve both the design and manufacture of the musket. The Model 1816 made further improvements, and replaced the Model 1812. The Model 1812 had borrowed heavily from the design of the French Charleville model 1777 musket, and this design was retained for the Model 1816. The Model 1816 had a 42 inch long .69 caliber smoothbore barrel, similar to the Model 1812, but had a longer lock plate, a shorter trigger guard, and a longer bayonet than the Model 1812. The Model 1816 also had a more straight lined stock. The overall length of the weapon was 58 inches.
The Model 1816 musket was originally produced at the Harpers Ferry and Springfield Arsenals between 1816 and 1844. Around 675,000 were made, more than any other flintlock in U.S. history.
The Model 1816 was originally produced as a flintlock musket. Like many flintlock muskets, many of these were later converted to percussion cap, as the percussion cap system was much more reliable and weather resistant.
This model of Springfield musket was used by Texans during the Texas Revolution and by the US Army and militia during the Mexican-American War. During this conflict, the flintlock version of the Model 1816 was preferred by U.S. regular forces, due to percussion cap supply concerns. It was also used during the early years of the American Civil War until around 1862.
Many improvements to the Model 1816 were made, producing the Model 1822, Model 1835, Model 1840, and Model 1842. U.S. Ordnance Department referred to these as different models, but in other U.S. government documents they are referred to as a continuation of the Model 1816. Modern histories are similarly inconsistent in the nomenclature of these weapons, often referring to them as "Type 2" and "Type 3" versions of the M1816.
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