Original U.S. Civil War Remington New Model 1863 Army .44cal Percussion Revolver - Serial 122381
Original Item: Only One Available. This is a very nice example of a Remington New Model Army Percussion Revolver, with a lovely lightly speckled patina from age and use. Like all New Models, it is a .44 caliber percussion, 6 shot single action revolver, with an 8-inch octagon barrel. These were often called the Model 1858 due to the patent dates, but production of this revision started in 1863, and the "New Model Army" is the correct designation from Remington. The top of the octagonal barrel still shows the original markings, though they are definitely a bit hard to read due to the speckled oxidation:
PATENTED SEPT. 14. 1858
REMINGTON & SONS. ILION. NEW YORK. U.S.A.
Overall condition is very good, with the original blued finish worn to a lovely aged gray steel speckled patina. It has a fantastic broken in look that is impossible to duplicate, showing long service and/or storage, but not much actual firing use. The revolver has a very nice set of walnut grips, which look to be original, with no sign of having been replaced, showing some great wear from service. The left scale has a repaired crack, and there is a chunk missing on the inner side.
The front sight is still intact, not replaced like many were, and the bore of the barrel is actually in fantastic condition. It shows crisp lands and grooves with a bright finish, showing just a few areas of oxidation. This is extremely rare to see on a percussion revolver of this age, as they used corrosive black powder. The action also functions flawlessly, cycling crisply with great indexing and a solid cylinder lockup. It appears that the revolver, while looking aged on the exterior, did not actually see extensive actual use in combat or target practice. The cap nipples are all in good shape, with all six clear, a real rarity as the aperture is quite small on the Remington style.
This revolver has matching serial number 122381 appearing on the underside of the barrel and on the frame under the grip. The cylinder is marked 87 70 on the rear, but we do not know if this means that cylinder was swapped, or whether it is an assembly number. There is no marking on the cylinder arbor pin or loading rammer. Unlike Colt, Remington did not always number every component of their guns, and the cylinder serial number was on the back, where it would be worn off quickly by powder burn.
Research shows that this revolver was manufactured in late 1864, making this a true Civil War gun and perfect for any collection. Production had begun around serial number 15,000 in 1863. According to the research published in Remington Army & Navy Revolvers 1861-1868 by Donald L. Ware, Remington revolvers through serial #149,000 were accepted prior to the end of the Civil War. Guns below serial #123,000 were accepted prior to the end of 1864.
In very good fully functional condition, this revolver will make a fine addition to any U.S. Civil War collection.
Year of Manufacture: late 1864
Ammunition Type: Cap and Ball
Barrel Length: 8 inches
Overall Length: 14 inches
Feed System: 6 Shot Revolver
History of Remington New Model Army Revolver:
Remington, like Colt, was in business of arms making long prior to the Civil War. They had been producing handguns since 1857 when they introduced the Remington Beals Pocket Revolver. With the outbreak of the Civil War all of the company's energy became devoted to the military production of longarms and hand guns. The martial hand guns produced during the Civil War period included the Remington-Beals Army and Navy Model revolvers, the Remington Models 1861 Army and Navy Revolvers, (a.k.a. as the "Old Model Army" and "Old Model Navy") and the Remington New Model 1863 Army and Navy revolvers.
The Remington New Model 1863 Army Revolver represents Remington's highest production martial pistol. Approximately 126,000 were manufactured from 1863 to 1875. After Colt, it was the Northern government's most purchased and issued pistol. Serial numbers of the New Model Army continued from the Model 1861 Army. Reference sources estimate this change from between serial number 15000 (Flayderman) to 22000 (Reilly). This is probably due to a long transitional period in which there was a gradual change over of the design features between the two models. The earliest production models utilized the 1861 frames and had a somewhat longer grip. The stamping "New Model" on the barrel of the early models can also be noted to have been stamped with a separate die. Nearly 110, 000 New Models were purchased by the government during the Civil War, at prices between $10.82 and $15.50 each. These prices were lower than Colt's and by mid-1863, Colt was eliminated from the government contract business. The State of New Jersey also purchased several thousand for Civil War issue.
The New Model 1863 Army was the last of Remington's .44 caliber percussion revolvers. Remington Armies were used from the beginning to the end of the Civil War in all fields. They were considered to be among the finest martial handguns of the day. The Remington New Model 1863 Navy and it's forbear, the Remington-Beals Navy, also saw action during the war.
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