Item:
ONJR23SS002

Original U.S. Civil War Private Purchase Chasseur Style Pattern Officers Kepi With XVIII Corps, 1st Division Patch and 92nd New York Infantry Regiment Insignia

Item Description

Original Item: Only One Available. This is a fantastic Civil War Union Officer’s Federal Chasseur Pattern Kepi that features fabric of very fine blue wool broadcloth. The crown stands nearly 3 ¼” high at the front, 5” at the rear seam and the top is 5 ¼” in diameter, stiffened with a pasteboard beneath the lining. The body of the cap meets a band of wool seamed only at the rear and stiffened with leather. The cap's interior is lined with lovely black cotton and is still completely intact. The leather sweatband is 1 5/8" wide. The flat visor is original to the hat, and composed of tarred leather and is still completely attached. The leather chinstrap is secured on the side with two New York “Excelsior” buttons.

The patch on top of this Kepi is rather simple in design, but these are the types of patches that started it all and what we know today. The insignia is simple, it's a small red Bottony cross on top of the kepi and identifies this as being worn by an officer in the 1st Division of the XVIII Corps during the Civil War. Beneath this is the number 92 for the 92nd New York Infantry Regiment. The regiment was attached to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Department of North Carolina in January 1863, which explains the XVIII corps patch on the top.

This Kepi is one of the finest Officer’s examples we have ever had.

The kepi no longer retains manufacturer information on the interior lining. This is a wonderful example that would be difficult to upgrade from.

The 92nd New York Infantry Regiment (aka "2nd St. Lawrence County Regiment", "New York Excelsior Rifle Legion", "Excelsior Rifle Blues", and "Potsdam Regiment") was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

The 92nd New York Infantry was organized at Potsdam, New York beginning September 18, 1861, and mustered on January 1, 1862 for three-years service under the command of Colonel Jonah Sanford.

The regiment was attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps, to September 1862. Wessell's Brigade, Division of Suffolk, Virginia, VII Corps, Department of Virginia, to December 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Department of North Carolina, to January 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, XVIII Corps, Department of North Carolina, to May 1863. Lee's Brigade, Defenses of New Bern, North Carolina, Department of North Carolina, to August 1863. Sub-District of the Albemarle District of North Carolina, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to April 1864. Palmer's Brigade, Peck's Division, XVIII Corps, April 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps, to October 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps, to December 1864.

Veterans and new recruits were consolidated with 96th New York Volunteer Infantry on December 1, 1864. The 92nd New York Infantry mustered out of service on January 7, 1865.

Detailed Service
Left New York for Washington, D.C., March 5, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10–15, 1862. Ordered to the Peninsula, Virginia, March 28. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Reconnaissance toward Lee's Mills April 29. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Operations about Bottom's Bridge May 21–23. Near Seven Pines May 29–30. Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks May 31-June 1. New Market Road June 8. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Bottom's Bridge June 27–28. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Moved to Fort Monroe August 16–23. Duty there until September 18. Moved to Suffolk, Va., September 18, and duty there until December.

Reconnaissance to Franklin October 3. Affairs on the Blackwater October 9, 26, 29, and 30. Franklin October 31. Ordered to New Bern, N.C., December 4. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro, N.C., December 11–20. Actions at Kinston December 14, Whitehall December 16, Goldsboro December 17. Duty at and near New Bern until April 1864. Operations against Whiting January 18-February 10. Fort Anderson March 14, 1863. Expedition to relief of Little Washington April 7–10. Beech Grove and Batchelor's Creek, near New Bern, February 1–3, 1864. Ordered to Yorktown, Va., April 28, 1864. Butler's operations on the south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4–28. Occupation of City Point and Bermuda Hundred May 5. Swift Creek or Arrowfield Church May 8–10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12–16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14–16. Bermuda Hundred May 16–27. Moved to White House, then to Cold Harbor, May 27–31. Battle of Cold Harbor June 1–12. Before Petersburg June 15–18. Wier Bottom Church June 20. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16 to December 1, 1864. Hare's House June 24 and 28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (reserve). Duty in the trenches before Petersburg and on the Bermuda Hundred front until September 26. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights. September 28–30. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27–28. Duty in the trenches before Richmond north of the James River until December.

XVIII Corps (Union Army)
The XVIII Corps was created on December 24, 1862. It was initially composed of five divisions stationed in North Carolina, making it one of the largest in the Union Army (though two were detached to join the X Corps in early 1863), and placed under the command of General John G. Foster. By August 1863, most of the corps' original units were either disbanded or transferred elsewhere, but Brig. Gen. George W. Getty's division (formerly of IX Corps) and the bulk of the recently discontinued VII Corps from Virginia were redesignated the XVIII Corps.

During the spring of 1864, the corps—now commanded by General William Farrar Smith, formerly of VI Corps—was transferred to Yorktown, Virginia, to join Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler's Army of the James. The corps played a major part in the unsuccessful operations in the Bermuda Hundred, and was also heavily engaged at Cold Harbor. On June 12, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Smith on a surprise march to seize Petersburg from the Confederate forces before Robert E. Lee could bring up the bulk of the Army of Northern Virginia. In the Second Battle of Petersburg, June 15-18, 1864, Smith made successful initial attacks against the outnumbered defenses of Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard; but after driving Beauregard's men from their outer entrenchments on the 15th, Smith, fearful of a Confederate counterattack, lost his nerve and did not press the attack when it could have resulted in the easy seizure of the city.

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