Original U.S. Civil War Fifth Model 1864 Burnside Saddle Ring Carbine - Matching Serial Number 34172
Original Item: Only One Available. This Burnside Cavalry "Saddle-Ring" Carbine in .54 caliber is offered in very good collectible condition. It is marked on the frame, breech block, and under the barrel with serial number 34172, which is towards the end of production. Springfield Research records indicate serial numbers in this range were being delivered in August 1864. This example, known as the "Fifth Model" or model of 1864, is in good service used condition, with nice wood stocks and an intact saddle ring. The top of the frame is correctly marked:
MARCH 25TH 1856.
The marking on the lock plate is partially worn off, but originally would have read:
BURNSIDE RIFLE CO
Additionally, it is marked CAST STEEL 1[862.] on the barrel in front of the sight. Overall metalwork condition is good, though repeated cleaning has removed most of the finish on the action, and there is evidence of light pitting in many areas, as shown in the pictures. It has a lovely worn gray patina. The bore shows clear rifling, but it also has fouling and oxidation, most likely from not being cleaned after use.
The action cycles correctly, with a functional lock. Unlike most examples we have had, the screw on the right hand side of the receiver is still intact, so the breech block swings correctly for reloading, and doesn't fall out of the action.
A really nice and interesting example of a Burnside Carbine, ready to display!
History of the Burnside Carbine
The Burnside, one of the best carbines of the Civil War, was designed by one of its worst generals. Actually, Maj. Gen. Ambrose Everett Burnside had sold the interest in his breechloader well before the war started, so he was unencumbered with the need to further its development or, sadly, to reap the proceeds that would have resulted from its success as the conflict’s third most widely produced Federal carbine, after the Sharps and Spencer.
Burnside’s invention employed a rotating block, released by a loading lever that was activated by a hinged, clamping catch. It chambered a unique .54-cal. cone-shaped brass cartridge with a thick, rounded belt (there were also some earlier, coiled cases, sans belt) at its mouth and a small hole in the base that allowed ignition from a separate percussion cap. The round was loaded, base down, into the chamber. Next, the lever was closed and the block locked in place with the belt halfway between the chamber and barrel, providing an excellent seal.
After the carbine was fired, the lever was again lowered and the spent case easily removed from the block with one’s fingers. If extraction became difficult, it was possible to pull it out with the base of the next cartridge. After the soldier got the hang of it, a Burnside could easily be fired in excess of a dozen rounds a minute.
The Burnside Carbine (there were rifles, too) went through a considerable evolutionary process and provides a fertile area for the collector. About 300 First Models were produced by the Bristol Firearm Co. in Bristol, R.I., a manufacturer founded by Burnside himself. It was a .54 caliber with an overall length of 40 inches. First Models had no fore-stock and incorporated a unique side lever, which operated a tape primer and also locked the breech block in the open position. The carbine’s frame was case-hardened, and the barrel was blued.
Second Models did away with the side lever and tape primer, though they still had no fore-stock. Premier Second Models were made by the Bristol Firearm Co., though later ones were produced by the reorganized Burnside Rifle Co., in Providence, R.I. The Third Model, fitted with a fore-stock, was introduced in 1861 at the request of the U.S. Ordnance Dept.
A Fourth, and final, variant appeared toward the end of the Civil War. It had a double pivoting breech block to make the gun easier to open and close. Later on, a second type of Fourth Model (sometimes called “Fifth Model”) appeared with a screw in the right side of the action to prevent the block from dropping out of the action, thus speeding up loading. These guns will be seen with both blued and case-hardened frames. Markings on most Fourth Models are, “BURNSIDE’S PATENT/MODEL OF 1864,” though there are some examples with the earlier 1856 date. Also, deliveries of this model started in 1863, even though they had the 1864 markings.
Because they were made in large quantities and appeared toward the end of the Civil War, Fourth/Fifth Model Burnside Carbines are the least valuable of the various versions. Not too steep a price for one of the most important cavalry arms of one of America’s most important conflicts.
Year of Manufacture: c.1864
Cartridge Type: Copper Casing or Tapered Foil Cartridge with Cap
Barrel Length: 21 Inches
Overall Length: 39 Inches
Action type: Side Action Lock
Feed System: Breech Loading Falling Hinged Block
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