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Original U.S. Civil War Era Springfield Model 1842 Percussion Musket with Rifled Barrel - dated 1852 & 1853

Item Description

Original item: One Only. The US Model 1842 Musket was a .69 caliber musket manufactured and used in the United States during the 19th Century. It was a continuation of the Model 1816 line of muskets but is generally referred to by its own model number rather than just a variant of the Model 1816. All of these muskets were 58 inches long, with a barrel around 42 inches in length.

The Model 1842 was the last U.S. smoothbore musket produced. Many features that had been retrofitted into the Model 1840 were standard on the Model 1842. The Model 1842 was the first U.S. musket to be produced with a percussion lock, though most of the Model 1840 flintlocks ended up being converted to percussion locks before reaching the field. The percussion cap system was vastly superior to the flintlock, being much more reliable and much more resistant to weather.

The Models 1840 & 1842 were made with thicker barrel walls, with the intention that they could be rifled later, and that is exactly what was done to this rifle. We checked the bore, and it still has strong three groove rifling, though there is powder fouling overall, which can make it hard to see. It is marked with an "American Eagle" over US, and the lock plate tail is clearly marked SPRING / FIELD / 1853. Many of these muskets were produced under contract, however this example was made at Springfield Armory itself. The rifle side plate is thin and not bulged, as typical of the Model 1842 Musket. Previous iterations had had a more pronounced side plate with a bulge in the middle.

The barrel nocks form still has V / P / Eagle's Head proof marks visible, and it is dated 1852 on the barrel tang, so the musket was probably made at the beginning of 1853, with a barrel made the previous year.

With all iron mounts this .69 caliber musket is in very good service used condition, with the original ramrod present, along with both barrel bands and the nose cap. The butt plate is correctly U.S. marked. It still has both swivel bands present, one on the middle barrel band and one on the front of the trigger guard. There is light powder burn near the cap bolster, which has not seriously eroded the area, and the stock there is still present. The cap nipple cone looks to be original, showing some wear from use and oxidation. The lock still functions correctly, holding correctly at half cock and firing at full, though the hammer screw looks to have been replaced long ago.

The metalwork overall has a somewhat browned speckled finish from years of age and gentle cleaning. The stock has a great look, with no major cracks or other damage. It looks to have a lot of the original brown finish often applied to muskets in U.S. service during the mid 19th Century.

This musket almost certainly saw service in the U.S. Civil War, very possibly for the Confederacy. Ready to cherish and display!


Year of Manufacture: 1852 & 1853 - Rifled Later
Caliber: .69" with three groove Rifling
Cartridge Type: Ball and Powder
Barrel Length: 42 Inches

Overall Length: 58 Inches
Action type: Side Action Percussion Lock
Feed System: Muzzle Loading

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