Original U.S. Civil War 89th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Veteran Grouping

Item Description

Original Items: One-of-a-kind set. This set is comprised of the following items:

- United States Union Civil War army regulation tarred haversack, comprised of black painted canvas and having a single flap with remnants of a leather strap, a black metal buckle to exterior of main compartment, unpainted interior with two metal buttons, and a matching shoulder strap. Unmarked. 12 1/4" H x 12 1/2" W. Overall with strap: 29". Canvas is stiff, with areas of loss, primarily to base of flap and bottom and edges of main compartment.

- State of New York Civil War Federal Regulation 1839 Pattern Brass Belt Buckle. This die-stuck specimen has the large raised letters "SNY" on the face and exhibits a wonderful dark bronze patina overall. The backside of the plate, complete with its brass hooks all intact, is lead filled and still in strong condition with some corrosion to the lead. The face of the convex plate is edged with double borders, with some light denting in areas.

- 89th New York Volunteers reunion photograph from the turn of the century.

- Various Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) medals and ribbons.

The 89th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 6 officers and 89 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 159 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

Organized at Elmira, N.Y.
December 4     Mustered in under Colonel Harrison S. Fairchild, Lieutenant Colonel Jacob C. Robie and Major Daniel T. Everts
December 6     Left State for Washington, D.C.
December     Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C. attached to Provisional Brigade, Casey’s Division, Army of the Potomac
January 6-13     Expedition to Hatteras Inlet, N. C. and attached to Williams’ Brigade, Burnside’s North Carolina Expeditionary Corps
March 2     Moved to Roanoke Island, N. C.
April     Attached to 4th Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina
April 19     
Battle of Camden, South Mills

The regiment lost 1 officer and 3 enlisted men wounded and 2 men missing
June 18-July 2     Expedition to New Berne
July 4-6     Moved to Newport News, Va.
August 2-7     Moved to Aquia Creek and Fredericksburg, Va. and attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac
August 31-
September 5     Moved to Brooks’ Station, thence to Washington, D.C.
September 6-22     Maryland Campaign
September 14     
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and1 officer and 15 men wounded.
September 16-17     
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Major Edward Jardine while Colonel Fairchild commanded the brigade. It lost 1 offer and 31 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded, 3 officers and 60 men wounded, and 8 men missing.

From the War Department marker for Fairchild’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

On the morning of the 17th, Fairchild’s Brigade moved from its position southeast of the Burnside Bridge, down the left bank of the Antietam, which it crossed at Snavely’s Ford about 1 P.M., and forced the right of Toombs’ Brigade from its position on the high ground above the ford and, moving up the right bank of the creek, formed line on the left of Willcox’s Division a short distance northwest of the bridge. About 3 P.M. the Brigade, under a heavy fire of Artillery from Cemetery Hill and the adjacent heights, advanced from the ridge 450 yards east of this, reached the open fields west and gained the high ground about 400 yards northwest of this point, forcing the Brigades of Kemper and Drayton through the streets of Sharpsburg. Its position being endangered by the advance of A.P. Hill on its left and rear, it was withdrawn by the ravines to the Sharpsburg Road and thence to the bank of the Antietam near the Burnside Bridge.
September-October     Duty in Pleasant Valley
October 27-
November 19     Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15     
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, 25 men wounded and 1 man missing.
January 20-24     “Mud March”
February 9     Moved to Newport News, Va.
March 14     To Norfolk and Suffolk
April 12-May 4     
Siege of Suffolk

Assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia

The regiment, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Theophilus England, lost 1 officer and 5 men killed or mortally wounded and1 officer and 6 men wounded.
April 18-19     Battery Huger, Hill’s Point
April 19     Near Suffolk
May 3     Providence Church Road
May 4     Reconnaissance across the Nansemond
June 24-July 7     Dix’s Peninsula Campaign
July 1-7     Expedition from White House to South Anna River
July     Ordered to Folly Island, S.C. via the steamer Adelaide and attached to Alvord’s Brigade, Vodges’ Division, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South.
August 14-
September 7     Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, S.C., and against Fort Sumter and Charleston
August 17-23     Bombardment of Fort Sumter
September 7     Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg
September-April     Operations against Charleston and duty on Morris and Folly Islands, S.C.
January     Attached to 2nd Brigade, Folly Island, S.C., Northern District, Dept. of the South
February     Attached to 2nd Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Northern District, Dept. of the South
April     Moved to Gloucester Point, Va. and assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina
May 4-28     Butler’s operations on south side of the James and against Petersburg and Richmond assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps
May 5     Occupation of Bermuda Hundred and City Point
May 7     Port Walthall
May 9-10     Swift Creek or Arrow field Church
May 12-16     Operations against Fort Darling
May 14-16     Battle of Drury’s Bluff
May 16-27     Bermuda Hundred
May 27-31     Move to White House, thence to Cold Harbor
June 1-12     
Battles about Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 5 enlisted men mortally wounded, 13 men wounded, and 2 men missing.
June     Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps
June 15-18     
First Assault on Petersburg

Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond begin. The regiment lost 2 officers and 19 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 68 men wounded, and 2 men mising, including Lieutenant Colonel England.
July 30     Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August-September     Duty in trenches before Petersburg and on the Bermuda front
September 28-30     
Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights

The regiment lost 2 officers and 19 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 68 men wounded, and 2 men missing.
October 27-28     
Battle of Fair Oaks

The regiment lost 1 officer and 7 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 32 men wounded and 98 men missing.
November-March     Duty in trenches before Richmond on north side of the James
December     Assigned to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps
March 27-28     Moved to Hatcher’s Run
March 28-April 9     
Appomattox Campaign

The regiment lost 1 officer and 7 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 18 men wounded.
April 2     
Final Assalt on Petersburg

Assault and capture of Forts Gregg and Baldwin and fall of Petersburg. Major Tremain ws mortally wounded in the assault.
April 6     Rice’s Station
April 9     
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.
April-August     Duty in the Department of Virginia
May     Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps
June     Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps
August 3     Mustered out at Richmond under Captain Henry H. Epps
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