Original U.S Civil War 1860 Light Cavalry Saber with Steel Scabbard by C. Roby - Dated 1865
Original Item: One Only. This is a fine Union cavalry trooper's curved M-1860 saber made by Christopher Roby of West Chelmsford, Massachusetts. It is in very nice honest matured condition. The markings are mostly clear and the brass hilt totally undamaged with a nice honest patina. The leather grip binding is still in place wrapped with brass wire, however a large section is missing, so the underlying leather cord can be seen. The wire is also bit loose due to the missing leather. The saber comes complete with its original all steel scabbard, which is in very nice shape.
This is 100% original M-1860 U.S. Cavalry Saber from the Civil War marked on the blade with the remains of the Roby maker mark, which is complete:
On opposite side of the 35" curved blade it is marked
We have had a number of Roby cavalry swords before, and among all of the makers, they seem to have the most variation in markings. We have seen at least 4 different ways that they marked the name of the firm on the blade ricasso, and often it will be stamped unevenly, so only part of it can be read. This sword definitely shows C. ROBY, and the W. CHELMFORD is in an arc over MASS.
The only inspector mark on the blade is A.G.M., so this sword was inspected by Alfred G. Manning, who worked at Roby from 1863 until the end of the war in 1865. The scabbard drag is marked JC on one side and 53 on the other, but these are most likely rack numbers.
Blade condition is very nice, with a lot of the original factory grind marks still visible. There is minor staining in places, as expected from a blade of this age, and there are a few small nicks on the edge. The leather buffer washer is completely missing, having deteriorated and fallen off long ago.
The saber comes with the original all steel-curved scabbard and complete with both mounting rings. The scabbard is in very nice shape, with no dents we can see, and a nice finish, with the original bright steel with only a bit of peppering in places.
Offered in wonderful collector's condition, original Civil War Cavalry Swords are getting harder and harder to find every year!
The Model 1860 Light Cavalry Saber (also known as the M1862 as this was when the first 800 were issued) was used by US cavalry from the American Civil War until the end of the Indian wars; some were still in use during the Spanish-American War. It was 41in long with a 35in by 1in blade and weighed 2 lb 4oz alone or 3 lb 10oz with iron scabbard.
During the Civil War there was no light or heavy cavalry in the US army. Instead there were "Dragoons" (founded 1830) "Mounted Riflemen", (founded c.1840) and "Cavalry" (founded 1856), distinguished by the orange, green or yellow piping on their uniforms. In 1861 these mounted regiments were renamed cavalry and given yellow piping.
The M1860 saber received its name to distinguish it from the larger and heavier Model 1840 Heavy Cavalry Saber that it replaced. Like its predecessor it had a brass guard, leather-wrapped grip and steel scabbard but unlike the M1840 it was smaller and easier to handle.
By the end of the Civil War over 300,000 1860 sabers had been produced: 200,000 by Ames, 32,000 by Roby and many more by firms such as Tiffany and Co, Glaze, Justice, and Emerson and Silver. M1860s were carried not only by cavalry but also by many infantry and staff officers as the regulation Model 1850 Army Staff & Field Officers' Sword had to be privately purchased. High-ranking officers, like their European counterparts, often had their swords ornately engraved with gilding and foliage. Famous users included George Armstrong Custer and J.E.B. Stuart.
Later in the Civil War large cavalry charges became less common and the cavalry took on the role of skirmishers. Many replaced their sabers with extra revolvers, or left it in the saddle while fighting on foot with their repeating Henry rifles and Spencer carbines.
This is the sword the cavalry use in Westerns, many being original antiques purchased by the movie industry in the 1920s when surplus Civil War equipment was cheap.
This model is currently used in some U.S. Army Cavalry units in Color Guards, or when in period type uniforms. Most are given as PCS (Permanent Change of Station) or ETS (Expiration of Term of Service) gifts to a departing Cavalry Trooper. Usually engraved on the scabbard with his name, rank and dates of service. Some are also worn, in full Dress Blues, (when earned on a "Spur Ride" or combat tour) with Stetson and Spurs.
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