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Original U.S. Brown Mfg Co. Merrill-Patent M-1871 Bolt-Action Rifle with Birmingham Markings - c.1872

Regular price $1,995.00

Item Description

Original Item. Only One Available. Extremely rare, this was manufactured by the BROWN MANUFACTURING COMPANY of NEWBURYPORT, MASS . by John Hamilton BROWN, using George MERRILL's Patent of OCTOBER 17th 1871. The rifle started life as a .577 caliber Pattern of 1853 percussion Rifle Musket supplied to the United States during the Civil War, and was an attempt to convert these surplus rifles to breech loading.

The Company only lasted from 1869 until 1873, when it went bankrupt and its machinery was all sold to a former COLT ARMS employee, one JOHN MARLIN. He then used it to start the MARLIN FIREARMS COMPANY, which is still in business today.

Often referred to as the first Bolt Action Rifle of the U.S. Army, this model got little past the trial stages and was mainly sold off to State Militias. Consequently these are very rare. The bolt assembly bears the manufacturer and patent information:

PATENTED OCT. 17. 1871

Our example is is stamped on the underside of the butt PRYSE & REDMAN who worked from 1840 until 1888 in Birmingham, England indicating that they were the originating Stock Makers. On the upper corner of the right side of the Butt Stock there is the official stamp of the BIRMINGHAM SMALL ARMS TRADE around their Crown over B.S.A.T. which indicates that this Rifle and any other bearing this stamp were NOT INTENDED for British Government Ownership. In other words this rifle was for an EXPORT CUSTOMER.

The most prominent at that time was of course the C.S.A. Directly in front of the butt plate tang one can make out what could be a partial ANCHOR Stamp
which was a well known Confederate Inspection and Acceptance mark.

The Rifle is in fine condition, now fully cleaned, and appears to be totally complete. Exceptionally rare and ready to display!


Year of Manufacture: c.1872
Caliber: .58"
Cartridge Type: Centerfire Cartridge.
Barrel Length: 33 1/2 Inches

Overall Length: 54 Inches
Action type: Bolt Action with External Hammer
Feed System: Single Shot

NOTE: International orders of antique firearms MUST be shipped using UPS WW Services (courier). USPS Priority Mail international will not accept these.

Shipping Restrictions

    This product is available for international shipping.

Legal Information

  • IMA considers all of our antique guns as non-firing, inoperable and/or inert. Title 18, U.S. Code, Section 921(a)(16) defines antique firearms as all guns made prior to 1899. This law exempts antique firearms from any form of gun control or special engineering because they are not legally considered firearms. No FFL, C&R or any license is required to possess, transport, sell or trade Antique guns. All rifles and muskets sold by IMA that were manufactured prior to 1899 are considered Antiques by the US BATF (United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms). Therefore, all of IMA's Antique guns may be shipped to all US States and most nations around the world.

    These antique guns are not sold in "live" condition. They are sold as collector's items or as "wall hangers". Any attempt at restoring an antique gun to be operational is strongly discouraged and is done so at the risk of the customer. By purchasing an antique gun from IMA you thereby release IMA, its employees and corporate officers from any and all liability associated with use of our Antique guns.

    Pre-1899 Manufacture, no licenses required, allowed to ship to almost any deliverable address across the globe. Please note that for international shipping, these MUST be shipped using UPS WW Services.

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