Original U.S. 82nd Airborne Parachute Demonstration Team Golden Knight Named Grouping
A long-range reconnaissance patrol, or LRRP (pronounced "lurp"), is a small, heavily armed reconnaissance team that patrols deep in enemy-held territory.
The concept of scouts date back to the origins of warfare itself. However, in modern times these specialized units evolved from examples such as Rogers' Rangers in colonial British America, the Lovat Scouts in World War One, the Long Range Desert Group and the Special Air Service in the Western Desert Campaign and North West Europe, similar units such as Force 136 in East Asia, and the special Finnish light infantry units during the Second World War.
Postwar, the role was carried in various North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and British Commonwealth countries by units that could trace their origins to these wartime creations such as the British SAS, Australia's Special Air Service Regiment and the New Zealand Special Air Service, 1er RPIMa, GCP, Groupement de Commandos Mixtes Aéroportés in France and the United States Army Rangers, Long Range Surveillance teams, and Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition squadrons.
After WWII in Germany the modern US Army long-range reconnaissance patrol concept was created in 1956 by the 11th Airborne Division in Augsburg, Germany. They patrolled near the Czechoslovakian and East German borders, then members of the Communist Warsaw Pact states, and in event of war in Europe would be inserted behind enemy lines to provide surveillance and to select targets of opportunity. The LRRP concept was well known throughout the Army though concentrated in 7th Army in Germany. Provisional LRRP Companies made up of both trained LRRPs and regular soldiers were put together for a series of exercises called Wintershield and proved themselves in the field. After the 11th Airborne Division returned to the US, the Department of the Army authorized two Airborne LRRP companies in 1961, Company D and C in the Wildflecken and Nellingen Barracks (near Stuttgart), and were respectively assigned to V Corps and VII Corps. In 1963, V Corps LRRPs (Company D) transferred to the Gibbs Kaserne in Frankfurt near Corps HQ. In 1965, these companies developed the first LRRP Table of Organization and Equipment and in doing so increased their strength to 208 men, team size from 4 to 5 men, as well as adding an organic transport component. All LRRPs from team leader and above were to be Ranger qualified. The experiences of these two companies formed the basis of the first US Army LRRP manual. Both companies used carrier wave (Morse Code) radios including the AN/TRC-77 for long-range communications to their respective Corps G2 (Intelligence) center. In 1968, both companies were transferred to the United States, but neither were sent to Vietnam because they retained their status as LRRP units for V and VII Corps in the event of war in Europe.
All LRRPs were Rangered on 1 February 1969, and these two units (companies C and D) respectively became Bravo and Alpha Company, 75th Infantry (Ranger). They were the only Ranger units to remain on active duty at the end of the Vietnam War and they continued in service until November 1974 when they were disbanded with most of their personnel forming the core of the new 1st and 2nd Ranger Battalions.
Included in the extremely rare set are the following items:
- 1950s QM1C Paratrooper Helmet and were developed under advisement by by General Patton. The front bears Gold Wings with a roman numeral V for the V Corps. The reverse is marked QM1C, Made in U.S.A. 7 1/2. Offered in excellent condition.
- Wooden stand up display board featuring Distinctive Unit Insignia, Major's rank, CBI, a model paratrooper and a brass plaque engraved:
- White jump suit with CARLTON embroidered name and 82nd ALL AMERICAN Parachute Demonstration Team Patches.
- Gold Jump suit worn for jumps with the Golden Knights.
- Reserve 24ft Chest Parachute cover.
- Flyers Bag with exterior large white label that reads:
- Army Issue Wool Shirt with CARLTON name tag and insignia patches.
- Army Issue Cotton Shirt with CARLTON name tag and insignia patches.
- Original Dog Tag.
- Original Davis County Veteran Services ID Card
- Airborne Class 34 & 35 Class Book.
- Parachute pulls and small Parachute.
- Wonderfully detailed high quality Long Range Patrol V Corps LRRP wood plaque.
- Enamel Home of the Airborne Ft. Bragg, N.C. medallion mounted on wood plaque.
- HALO Military Freefall Parachutist automobile license plate cover.
- Airborne Parachutist automobile license plate cover.
- Multiple overseas garrison caps, 4 are VFW, 1 is military issue.
- Fantastic rare Lara Saut jump boots.
- Large Wood Trunk which contains all the items.
Overall an exceptionally rare grouping from a known member of the Army's Parachute Demonstration Team.
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