Original Netherlands WWII Dutch M23/27 Steel Helmet - Complete
Original Item: Only One Available. This is an original pre WWII Dutch M23/27 or M28 Dutch military steel helmet with chin strap and head liner. The Dutch had a very small army in the 1920's and thus only produced very small numbers of these helmets. Estimates are that around 105,000 of all variants were made. The M23 designation indicates the design date of 1923, and the "27" signifies the date of adoption, 1927. They are sometimes also referred to as the M28 "Nieuw Model" . This helmet still has its period paint visible under the black repaint, which was a Flat Dark Olive and has Gendarmerie bursting bomb on the front.
The overall condition is still very good with all straps and fasteners in good working order. These helmets are scarce. Once occupied, the Germans re-purposed captured field gear. Helmets were often melted down or reworked. Most were sent to Romania tobe used during the war and the German Luftchutz even used them.
Comes ready for display!
Despite Dutch neutrality, NSDAP Germany invaded the Netherlands on 10 May 1940 as part of Fall Gelb (Case Yellow). On 15 May 1940, one day after the bombing of Rotterdam, the Dutch forces surrendered. The Dutch government and the royal family abandoned their citizens for London. Princess Juliana and her children sought refuge in Ottawa, Canada until after the war.
The invaders placed the Netherlands under German occupation, which lasted in some areas until the German surrender in May 1945. Active resistance, at first carried out by a minority, grew in the course of the occupation.
Due to the high variation in the survival rate of Jewish inhabitants among local regions in the Netherlands, scholars have questioned the validity of a single explanation at the national level. In part due to the well-organized population registers, about 70% of the country's Jewish population were killed in the course of World War II – a much higher percentage than in either Belgium or France. In 2008 records were opened that revealed the Germans had paid a bounty to Dutch police and administration officials to locate and identify Jews, aiding in their capture. Uniquely among all German-occupied areas, communists in and around the city of Amsterdam organized the February strike – a general strike (February 1941) to protest against the persecution of Jewish citizens.
World War II occurred in four distinct phases in the Netherlands:
September 1939 to May 1940: After the war broke out, the Netherlands declared neutrality. The country was subsequently invaded and occupied.
May 1940 to June 1941: An economic boom caused by orders from Germany, combined with the "velvet glove" approach from Arthur Seyss-Inquart, resulted in a comparatively mild occupation.
June 1941 to June 1944: As the war intensified, Germany demanded higher contributions from occupied territories, resulting in a decline of living-standards. Repression against the Jewish population intensified and thousands were deported to extermination camps. The "velvet glove" approach ended.
June 1944 to May 1945: Conditions deteriorated further, leading to starvation and lack of fuel. The German occupation authorities gradually lost control over the situation. Fanatical NSDAP members wanted to make a last stand and commit acts of destruction. Others tried to mitigate the situation.
The Allies liberated most of the south of the Netherlands in the second half of 1944. The rest of the country, especially the west and north, remained under German occupation and suffered from a famine at the end of 1944, known as the "Hunger Winter". On 5 May 1945 total surrender of all German forces led to the final liberation of the whole country.
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