Item:
ON4273

Original Japanese WWII Early Type 30 Hooked Quillon Bayonet by Kokura Arsenal - Arisaka Type 30, 38, 99 Rifles

Regular price $250.00

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Item Description

Original Item: Only One Available. This is an excellent example complete with early hooked quillion guard, and original steel scabbard. The Type 30 bayonet (三十年式銃剣 sanjūnen-shiki jūken) was a bayonet designed for the Imperial Japanese Army to be used with the Arisaka Type 30 Rifle and was later used on the Type 38 and Type 99 rifles. Some 8.4 million were produced, and it remained in front-line use from the Russo-Japanese War to the end of World War II.

The Type 30 Bayonet was a single-edged sword bayonet with a 400 millimetres (15.75 in) blade and an overall length of 514 millimetres (20.24 in) with a weight of approximately 700 grams. The Type 30 bayonet is also known as the "Pattern 1897 bayonet". Early Type 30 bayonets such as this example contoured "bird's head" pommel, hooked quillon, and rounded grip retained by screws. Later versions moved to a flattened "bird's head", with a straight quillon and rivet-retained grip.. As the war progressed the rounded grip was replaced with a squared-off one to reduce production time.

The design was intended to give the average Japanese infantryman a long enough reach to pierce the abdomen of a cavalryman. However, the design had a number of drawbacks, some caused by the poor quality of forgings used, which tended to rust quickly and not hold an edge, and to break when bent.

The weapon was manufactured from 1897 to 1945 at a number of locations, including the Kokura Arsenal, Koishikawa Arsenal (Tokyo) and Nagoya Arsenal, as well as under contract by private manufacturers including Matsushita, Toyoda Automatic Loom and others. This particular bayonet was made by Kokura arsenal, as indicated by the stamps on the blade.

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