Original German WWII Partial Ground Ernst Röhm Signed SA Dagger by Carl Eickhorn
Original Item: Only One Available. Prior to his "unmasking" as a traitor, Ernst Röhm was the leader of the SA. In 1934, he distributed approximately 100,000 SA daggers with his personal inscription on the reverse blade. These daggers were to honor individuals who had served with the SA prior to December, 1931. Other than the inscription, these pieces were identical to the standard M1933 SA dagger. After the Röhm purge, the inscription was ordered to be removed. Many examples were returned to the factory for grinding. Others were simply ground in the field by whatever means were available. Examples will occasionally be encountered with remnants of the original inscription remaining on the blade, but mostly none will remain. Some blades exist with an intact inscription, exhibiting only the removal of the Röhm signature, such as this example. Very, very rarely is an example seen with a full, untouched inscription, as the holder would have surely risked a charge of treason.
This is a great looking “Lazy Man’s” Partially ground Röhm SA Dagger by. The acid etched partial In herzlicher kameradschaft [Ernst Röhm] (In cordial companionship Ernst Röhm) motto remains nice and crisp. Ernst Röhm’s name has been only partly ground away, so the top half is almost entirely complete. The removal of the name does not appear to have been factory executed.
The acid etched Alles für Deutschland (Everything for Germany) motto is beautifully executed. The reverse ricasso is etched with a 1933-35 Eickhorn trademark logo: a double oval surrounding a seated squirrel with a smoothly rounded tail holding a sword, with CARL EICKHORN / SOLINGEN surrounding the squirrel trademark. J. Anthony Carter's book GERMAN KNIFE AND SWORD MAKERS, this firm used this specific "round tail" trademark on early SA and NSKK daggers, as well as Himmler signed SS daggers.
The blade unfortunately at some point suffered some rust damage, and someone took a buffer to it, which made it shiny, but also rounded over the engraving / etching, and removed the factory crossgrain on most of the blade. There is still some near the crossguard.
The steel based, brown anodized scabbard looks great only shows the usual service wear. The lacquer that was usually put over the anodized surface has worn off, as has a good amount of the brown finish. However there has not been any major rust, and no dents. The solid nickel scabbard fittings are well done and in very good condition. All four screws remain intact. The solid nickel-silver scabbard fittings look excellent matching the scabbard fittings in color and patina. The scabbard to crossguard fit is near perfect, and the drag has not been dented in, as often happens.
The brown hardwood grip is in very good condition, and has just a few small cracks and chips. The solid nickel-silver eagle is crisp with a perfect fit. The SA roundel also has a perfect fit and retains 99%+ of its enamel. The pommel and cross guard are fine solid nickel silver examples, and the pommel nut shows no signs of being "messed with". The lower reverse guard is Gruppe/Gau marked Ns, for Niedersachsen, an SA adminstrative region surrounding Hannover. This feature was only seen on daggers produced 1935 and prior.
A great opportunity to get a partial Röhm SA Dagger in wonderful condition.
The SA or Brown Shirts, were a private political formation which Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP used to maintain order at organized Party meetings and demonstrations. The group was formed in 1921, and grew to a huge force of nearly 3,000,000 men by the later 1930's. To instill esprit de corps, as well as create employment for the Blade City of Solingen, it was decided each SA man would carry a dagger with his Brown Shirt uniform. Huge quantities needed to be produced to accommodate the demand. The dagger initially was produced of hand-fitted nickel mounts with attractive finished wood grip and brown anodized (a bluing process) finished scabbard.
The blade was etched with the SA motto, Alles für Deutschland. Examples produced prior to 1935 were stamped with the German sector of the SA group on reverse lower crossguard. Later examples underwent standardization through the RZM ministry. These pieces were produced of cheaper plated zinc-base fittings and scabbards were simply painted brown.
The Night of the Long Knives, in June 1934, saw the wiping out of the SA’s leadership and others who had angered Hitler in the recent past in Nazi Germany. After this date, the SS lead by Heinrich Himmler was to become far more powerful in Nazi Germany. For all the power the Enabling Act gave Hitler, he still felt threatened by some in the Nazi Party. He was also worried that the regular army had not given an oath of allegiance. Hitler knew that the army hierarchy held him in disdain as he was ‘only ‘ a corporal in their eyes. The Night of the Long Knives not only removed the SA leaders but also got Hitler the army’s oath that he so needed.
By the summer of 1934, the SA’s numbers had swollen to 2 million men. They were under the control of Ernst Röhm, a loyal follower of Hitler since the early days of the Nazi Party. The SA had given the Nazi’s an iron fist with which to disrupt other political parties meetings before January 1933. The SA was also used to enforce law after Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933. To all intents, they were the enforcers of the Nazi Party and there is no evidence that Röhm was ever planning anything against Hitler. However, Röhm had made enemies within the Nazi Party – Himmler, Goering and Goebbels were angered by the power he had gained and convinced Hitler that this was a threat to his position. By June 1934, the regular army hierarchy also saw the SA as a threat to their authority. The SA outnumbered the army by 1934 and Röhm had openly spoken about taking over the regular army by absorbing it into the SA. Such talk alarmed the army’s leaders.
By the summer of 1934, Hitler had decided that Röhm was a ‘threat’ and he made a pact with the army. If Röhm and the other SA leaders were removed, the rank and file SA men would come under the control of the army but the army would have to swear an oath of loyalty to Hitler. The army agreed and Röhm’s fate was sealed. On the night of June 29th – June 30th 1934, units of the SS arrested the leaders of the SA and other political opponents. Men such as Gregor Strasser, von Schleicher and von Bredow were arrested and none of them had any connection with Röhm. The arrests carried on for 2 more nights. Seventy seven men were executed on charges of treason though historians tend to think the figure is higher. The SA was brought to heel and placed under the command of the army. Hitler received an oath of allegiance from all those who served in the army. Röhm was shot. Others were bludgeoned to death. The first the public officially knew about the event was on July 13th 1934, when Hitler told the Reichstag that met in the Kroll Opera House, Berlin, that for the duration of the arrests that he and he alone was the judge in Germany and that the SS carried out his orders. From that time on the SS became a feared force in Nazi Germany lead by Heinrich Himmler. The efficiency with which the SS had carried out its orders greatly impressed Hitler and Himmler was to acquire huge power within Nazi Germany.
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