Original German WWII M40 Service Worn Single Decal Luftwaffe Helmet - ET60

Item Description

Original Item: Only One Available. This is a very nice all original example Model 1940 German WWII helmet with a single Luftwaffe Eagle decal. This stamped sheet steel construction helmet retains about 50-60% of the original Luftwaffe Blue-Gray paint, and shows quite a bit of wear throughout. This was definitely a helmet that saw significant use during the war, with a great patina of age.  The decal is still present, but only about 35% is still there, with an outline of paint. If you were looking for a nice "battle worn" helmet for your collection, this is it!

The reverse, interior, neck guard apron is heat lot number stamped 381 and the interior, left side, apron has the stamped manufacturer's code and size, ET60 indicating that it was manufactured by Eisenhuttenwerk AG of Thale, located in the Harz district in Saxony, Germany. Size 60 is a small size that can accommodate liners from 52cm to 53cm or US 6 1/2 to 6 3/8. Shells this small are somewhat rare.

All three original liner retaining pins are intact and are missing most of the paint, and show wear and oxidation. The interior of the helmet still has an original M31 leather liner with all eight fingers at least partially present, but the condition shows significant wear and deterioration. Many of the fingers are stretched and/or torn, as shown, though the original top tie is still present. The outer side of the galvanized steel liner band over the left ear is marked 60 n.A / 53, indicating that this is a size 53 liner for a size 60 shell.  The other side of the band is oxidized where the markings would be, so we cannot see them.

The chin strap bales are still present, though the chin strap is unfortunately completely missing.

Overall a nice condition genuine Battle Worn M40 Single Decal Luftwaffe helmet! This is an item that will only continue to appreciate in value over time.

The first "modern" steel helmets were introduced by the French army in early 1915 and were shortly followed by the British army later that year. With plans on the drawing board, experimental helmets in the field, ("Gaede" helmet), and some captured French and British helmets the German army began tests for their own steel helmet at the Kummersdorf Proving Grounds in November, and in the field in December 1915. An acceptable pattern was developed and approved and production began at Eisen-und Hüttenwerke, AG Thale/Harz, (Iron and Foundry Works), in the spring of 1916.

These first modern M16 helmets evolved into the M18 helmets by the end of WWI. The M16 and M18 helmets remained in usage through-out the Weimar Reichswehr, (National Defence Force, Circa 1919-1933), era and on into the early years of the Third Reich until the development of the smaller, lighter M35 style helmet in June 1935.

In 1934 tests began on an improved Stahlhelm, whose design was a development of World War I models. The Eisenhüttenwerke company of Thale carried out prototype design and testing, with Dr. Friedrich Schwerd once again taking a hand.

The new helmet was pressed from sheets of molybdenum steel in several stages. The size of the flared visor and skirt was reduced, and the large projecting lugs for the obsolete armor shield were eliminated. The ventilator holes were retained, but were set in smaller hollow rivets mounted to the helmet's shell. The edges of the shell were rolled over, creating a smooth edge along the helmet. Finally, a completely new leather suspension, or liner, was incorporated that greatly improved the helmet's safety, adjustability, and comfort for each wearer. These improvements made the new M1935 helmet lighter, more compact, and more comfortable to wear than the previous designs.

The Army's Supreme Command officially accepted the new helmet on June 25, 1935 and it was intended to replace all other helmets in service.

The M1935 design was slightly modified in 1940 to simplify its construction, the manufacturing process now incorporating more automated stamping methods. The principal change was to stamp the ventilator hole mounts directly onto the shell, rather than utilizing separate fittings. In other respects, the M1940 helmet was identical to the M1935. The Germans still referred to the M1940 as the M1935, while the M1940 designation were given by collectors.

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