Original German WWII DRK Red Cross Armband with Fabric Identity Card - Deutsches Rotes Kreuz
Original Item: Only One Available. This is an excellent condition example of a German WWII DRK Red Cross fabric armband, complete with the correct fabric Personalausweis (Identity Card). The armband is the correct white cotton canvas, with a red heavily embroidered red cross and black script that reads; Deutsches Rotes Kreuz (German Red Cross). It measures about 14" x 4 1/2", and is sewn together in the back. It doesn't show much sign of use.
The included fabric Identity Card is marked Wehrmacht des Deutschen Reiches (Defense Forces of the German Empire) in the upper left next to a "Red cross", and a date of 15. 4. 1941. It identifies the person it was issued to, which we unfortunately cannot read, as well as their date of birth. The indication seems to be that they would be a Hilfskrankenträger (Auxiliary Stretcher Bearer) or Nurse, and have been appropriately trained as such. The rest is information regarding the specific agreements and laws. The id card is stamped and signed by an official from the German Army High Command Heeres Sanitätsinspektion (Army medical inspection) division.
A very nice DRK set, ready to add to your armband collection!
History of the German Red Cross (DRK)
The DRK, "Deutsches Rotes Kreuz" (German Red Cross), a voluntary civil assistance organization originally instituted in 1864, was officially acknowledged by the Geneva Convention in 1929. In December 1937 it gained status as a legally recognized organization by the NSDAP. As with other essential services in Third Reich Germany, it came under control of the NSDAP in late 1938 under the auspices of the Ministry of the Interior's Social Welfare Organization.
History of the "Rec Cross" Symbol
It was important to clearly identify Medical personnel in the field. One of the early documents, such as the Amelioration of the Conditions of the Wounded in Armies in the Field signed August 22, 1864, by a number of Governments, already instructed that Flag and Arm Badges worn by Medical personnel would bear a Red Cross on a White Field. Both symbols when used on Hospitals, Ambulances, Evacuation and Aid Centers, were to be proof of their neutral status! These signs provided for neutrality of military and civilian protected personnel (it gave them non-belligerent status) exclusively engaged in removal, transportation, and treatment of wounded and sick, or the administration of sanitary formations and establishments, and entitled them to respect and protection from their enemies. The 1929 Geneva Convention which superseded the former agreement, was signed on July 27, 1929 by forty-seven countries (including the Axis countries, Germany, Italy, and Japan) and comprised numerous articles, among which Articles 9 and 21, recognizing that bearers of special identification cards and civilian protected personnel identified by armbands, and vehicles, and installations wearing Geneva Convention markings and markers, were all exclusively engaged in medical care activities, and consequently protected and respected by the Geneva Convention.
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