Original German WWII Cased Mother’s Cross Set of 5 - (2) Gold (2) Silver (1) Bronze - Cross of Honor of the German Mother
Original Items: Only One Set of 3 Available. These are wonderful examples of The Cross of Honour of the German Mother or Mutterkreuz (Mother’s Cross) 2 in gold (1st class, Gold Cross: eligible mothers with eight or more children!) 2 Silver (eligible mothers with 6 or 7 children) and 1 Bronze (3rd class, Bronze Cross: eligible mothers with four or five children).
The case is maker marked by B.H. MAYER, PFORZHEIM. Reverse of the medals read 16 December 1938, which is the date that the award was first established, along with AH's Signature. Condition of medals and ribbons rates at excellent with minor wear.
The set includes an unissued CASED 1st Class cross with ribbon in the box. The box is in sturdy condition and the cross retains almost all of the original wash. The other 4 individual awards include 1 silver and 1 bronze full size crosses with ribbons. They retain much of the original wash. The last two are miniature versions of the gold and silver class crosses, both in lovely condition.
Comes ready to display!
The Cross of Honour of the German Mother, referred to colloquially as the Mutterehrenkreuz (Mother’s Cross of Honor) or simply Mutterkreuz (Mother’s Cross), was a state decoration conferred by the government of the German Reich to honor a Reichsdeutsche German mother for exceptional merit to the German nation. Eligibility later extended to include Volksdeutsche (ethnic German) mothers from, for example, Austria and Sudetenland, that had earlier been incorporated into the German Reich.
The decoration was conferred from 1939 until 1945 in three classes: bronze, silver, and gold, to Reichsdeutsche mothers who exhibited probity, exemplary motherhood, and who conceived and raised at least four or more children in the role of a parent. A similar practice, that continues to this present day, was already established in France since 1920, by conferring the Médaille de la Famille française (Medal of the French Family), a tribute to the French mother who raised several children in an appropriate way.
In recognition of the substantial importance a woman's role and motherhood was in support of a strong Germany, the Cross of Honor of the German Mother was introduced by decree in Berlin on 16 December 1938 by Führer und Reichskanzler (leader and chancellor) AH. The preamble of the statutory decree declared:
As a visible sign of gratitude of the German nation to children-rich mothers I establish this Cross of Honor of the German Mother
The crosses were awarded annually on the second Sunday in May (Mothering Sunday or Mother's Day), but also extended to include other national annual occasions of celebration. So despite its institution in 1938, the first awards were rendered in May 1939.
The Mother's Cross was composed of three classes, and conferred to mothers in accordance with its statutory legislation: Verordnung des Führers und Reichskanzlers über die Stiftung des Ehrenkreuzes der Deutschen Mutter vom 16. Dezember 1938. Reichsgesetzblatt (RGBI) Teil I, 1938, Nr. 224, Seite 1923 (In English: Statutory Order of the Leader and Chancellor on the establishment of the Cross of Honor of the German Mother of 16 December 1938. Imperial-(Reichs) Law Gazette (RGBl) Part I, 1938, No. 224, Page 1923), and its stringent nomination screening protocol.
-1st class, Gold Cross: eligible mothers with eight or more children
-2nd class, Silver Cross: eligible mothers with six or seven children
-3rd class, Bronze Cross: eligible mothers with four or five children
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