Original German WWI Prussian M1915 Jäger zu Pferde Lobster Tail Pickelhaube Helmet by C. E. Juncker - Dated 1916
Original Item: Only One Available. This is a decent condition Imperial German Prussian M1915 Jäger zu Pferde (Mounted Dispatch Rider) Lobster Tail Pickelhaube Helmet, made by the famous C.E. Juncker. This is one of the two varieties of Metalhelme (Metal Helmets) in use by the German Armed forces, the other of which is the Kürassier Metalhelme worn by heavy cavalry.
The M1915 was the last model of Pickelhaube issued. In accordance with the 1915 regulations these helmets would no longer use brass, silver, or Tombak as previous models did. All issued Pickelhaube would now use gray oxidized steel fittings for all Regiments, where previously the dispatch rider fittings had varied based on the regiment. Also, this last revision of the Dispatch Rider helmet replaced the usual chin scale chin strap with the standard M91 leather chin strap, and it would now have the standard removable spike, held on with a "bayonet" style attachment.
This pickelhaube has a basic three-piece construction: helmet, visor and extended rear protective neck guard. It is fabricated from blackened stamped manganese steel, which is the distinctive black mounted dispatch rider finish. The helmet is topped by a removable spike with four ventilation holes and a spike mounting base in the distinctive "cloverleaf" shape used by the dispatch riders, which is held in place by four large capped rivets, 2 of which remain. The front comes with a visor designed with a turned-up lip, held in place by large capped rivets on either end.
This helmet features a steel pattern steel frontplate (wappen). The rear neck guard protrudes outwards, away from the body in the traditional "lobster tail" design, held in place with large capped rivets just inside the outer edge and one smaller central rivet at the rear neck line. The entire outer edge is trimmed in a rolled-around steel band, including the visor and neck guard, protecting the wearer from the raw steel edges of the helmet itself. It is size stamped 57 on the steel rim on the underside of the neck guard, along with being maker stamped and dated C.E. JUNCKER / 1916 on the inside of the dome, around the vent hole.
The front Dragoon-style wappen features the Prussian state eagle clutching a sword and rod, over the King's motto, MIT GOTT FÜR KOENIG UND VATERLAND (With God for King and Country, i.e. Prussia). The plate and spike appear to have been painted with silver paint a very long time ago.
The interior leather liner is present but in a rather delicate state. There is no chinstrap or cockades present. Condition overall is good, with a lot of the original finish present, though there is oxidation in areas, as pictured.
Overall a nice condition Imperial German Prussian Jäger zu Pferde Lobster Tail pickelhaube with a maker marking and date, perfect for any WWI collection!
Jäger zu Pferde (Hunter on Horseback)
The hunters on horseback were a type of light cavalry that was mainly used for reconnaissance and security tasks. Similar to the hussars , the hunters on horseback served primarily for reconnaissance and security tasks, but were also increasingly used as battle cavalry. Napoleon I's Mounted Guard Chasseurs also served as staff cavalry (as messenger riders, covering headquarters and the Emperor's personal escort). The hunters on horseback made their appearance in the mid to late 18th century when the need for regular light cavalry was recognized but the expense of raising elaborately uniformed hussar units was avoided.
Forerunners were some Freikorps in France , for example the Fischerschen Jäger set up in 1743. In 1779, six Jäger regiments of line cavalry were set up there for the first time, other states such as Russia (1790–1882, finally 19 regiments ), Austria (one regiment, 1798–1801), Italy (four regiments, 1805–1814) and the USA (a regiment 1846–61) followed. In Napoleonic France , the branch of arms grew to 31 line and 2 guard regiments, after the restoration remained 24 of the line and one of the guard, including four in Algeria in 1831 Raised regiments Chasseurs d'Afrique came, which were soon considered the best cavalry troop in the French army . In Belgium, the three regiments set up in 1830/31 were disbanded in 1994 and 2004 respectively.
It was not until 1901 that the first regiment (Königs-Jäger zu Pferde No. 1) was set up in the Prussian army. This was followed by 1905 Nos. 2 and 3 , 1906 No. 4 , 1908 No. 5 and 1910 No. 6 . In 1913 the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th regiments were formed.
In the trench warfare of the First World War , cavalry generally lost its importance and was mostly used as infantry . In the Reichswehr , there was no longer a distinction made according to individual troop categories such as hussars, dragoons, cuirassiers or chasseurs on horseback. The tradition of the regiments of the Old Army was not transferred according to troop category, but to the cavalry regiments of the Reichswehr and became a blurred formation of the Wehrmacht in 1935.
In France, the term "chasseurs à cheval" stuck for a long time, although over time the regiments became mechanized infantry, armored scouts or armored troops. It was only towards the end of the 20th century that the addition "à Cheval'' was dropped, although the remaining regiments 1er régiment de chasseurs , 4 e régiment de chasseurs and 1er régiment de chasseurs d'Afrique continued their cavalry tradition.
The uniform was often based on that of the hussars, but was usually less elaborate and mostly green. In France it was bottle green with collar and lapels in insignia color, the initially worn tarleton - style caterpillar helmet giving way during the revolution to wing caps and finally to shako or (in the case of the elite companies and the Old Guard) kolpak. In Austria a gray uniform in the Chevauleger style was worn, in Russia a green dragoon uniform, but with chakkos instead of helmets. The Chasseurs d'Afrique received light blue skirts. In 1873 the French line regiments also received theAttila light blue.
Since in the German Reich the reporting rider detachments, from which the first regiments emerged, were initially assigned to the Guards, their uniform, despite their role as light cavalry, was initially based on that of the heavy Guards cavalry (i.e. collars and metal cuirassier spiked helmet with a deep neck guard) . , but was gray-green for all types of suits from the start. In 1910 the collars for the existing regiments were abolished and replaced by tunics. A gray-green uniform based on the Dragoon pattern was issued for the 8th to 13th regiments, which were raised in 1913. However, the officers of these new regiments wore the cuirassier helmet.
The armament consisted of a sword or sword and the carbine. In Prussia, the hunters on horseback, like the entire cavalry, also wielded lances.
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