Original German WWI M16 Stahlhelm Helmet with Original Camouflage Paint and Liner- Stamped ET64
Original Item: Only One Available. This is an amazing example of a totally original WWI German M16 Helmet. The stamped, sheet steel construction, helmet retains about 95% of its original hand painted camouflage paint. The helmet has both the dome headed chinstrap retaining rivets, both of the extended ventilation side lugs and all three of the flat-headed liner retaining rivets.
The interior of the helmet has the early all leather pattern, three pad leather liner with leather retaining band still intact! All three leather pads are complete but absent is the original horsehair stuffing. Pads are a bit stiff and are still firmly held in place. All of the six-liner string adjustment tabs are intact, and even the liner string is still present (probably a replacement). The chinstrap is a high quality reproduction. Shell is marked "ET64", indicating manufactured it was manufactured by Eisenhuettenwerke Thale A.G., Thale /Harz size 64 (originally intended to accommodate head sizes of 56cm to 58cm or US 7 to US 7 ¼).
There is also a dome stamp. On the inside dome of every WWI German helmet you will find a heating lot code, these codes were used by the factories during production. In many cases the heating lot code will indicate where the steel was milled. These steel mills are called rolling mills. The dome stamp in this helmet is difficult to read but partially clear and reads _ _ 65.
With the 100-year anniversary of world war one here (August 2014) this helmet, offered in fantastic collectible condition, is a perfect additional to any Great War collection.
History of the M16
The Stahlhelm was introduced into regular service during the Verdun campaign in early 1916.
The M1916 design had side-mounted horn-like ventilator lugs which were intended to be support for an additional steel brow plate or Stirnpanzer, which only ever saw limited use by snipers and trench raiding parties, as it was too heavy for general use.
The shell came in different sizes, from 60 to 68, with some size 70s reported. The suspension, or liner, consisted of a headband with three segmented leather pouches, each holding padding materials, and leather or fabric cords could be adjusted to provide a comfortable fit. The one-piece leather chinstrap was attached to the shell by M1891 chinstrap lugs, the same kind used in the Pickelhaube helmet.
The M1916 design provided excellent protection: Reserve Lieutenant Walter Schulze of 8th Company Reserve Infantry Regiment 76 described his combat introduction to the helmet on the Somme, 29 July 1916:
"... suddenly, with a great clanging thud, I was hit on the forehead and knocked flying onto the floor of the trench... a shrapnel bullet had hit my helmet with great violence, without piercing it, but sufficiently hard to dent it. If I had, as had been usual up until a few days previously, been wearing a cap, then the Regiment would have had one more man killed."
But the helmet was not without its flaws. The ventilator horns often let cold air in during the winter, requiring the wearer to block the vents with mud or fabric. The large, flared skirt tended to make it difficult for soldiers to hear, distorting surrounding sounds and creating an echo when the wearer spoke.
Originally painted Feldgrau (field grey), the Stahlhelm was often camouflaged by troops in the field using mud, foliage, cloth covers, and paint. Official issue cloth covers in white and grey appeared in late 1916 and early 1917. Camouflage paint was not formally introduced until July 1918, when German Army Order II, No 91 366, signed by General Erich Ludendorff on 7 July 1918, outlined official standards for helmet camouflage. The order stipulated that helmets should be painted in several colors, separated by a finger-wide black line. The colors should be relevant to the season, such as using green, brown and ocher in summer.
After the effectiveness of the M1916 design was validated during the 1916 campaigns, incremental improvements were subsequently made.
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