Original German Mauser Model 1871 Rifle by ŒWG Dated 1874 - Partially Matched Serial Numbers
Original Item: Only One Available. This is a wonderful all matching serial number example of the Mauser Model 1871 rifle. Adopted as the Gewehr 71 or Infanterie-Gewehr 71, or "Infantry Rifle 71 ("I.G.Mod.71" was stamped on the rifles themselves) was the first rifle model in a distinguished line designed and manufactured by Paul Mauser and Wilhelm Mauser of the Mauser company and later mass-produced at Spandau arsenal, as well other locations in Germany and Austria.
This rifle is dated 1874 on the receiver, and bears serial number 175P on the receiver and barrel breech. All the components of the bolt, barrel bands, nose cap, receiver tang screw, and other screws are marked with serial number 6431. The Barrel knoxform is marked ŒSTERR. WAFFFB. GES., an abbreviation of "Österreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft", or the Austrian Arms-Manufacturing Company. It is possible that the barrel and receiver were made under contract, and then sent to Mauser or Spandau for completion, which explains the two different serial numbers. Part of ŒWG was Steyr-Mannlicher, who still make firearms today.
Paul Mauser developed his bolt-action rifle from 1866 to 1871. During 1870-71 trials with many different rifles took place, with the "M1869 Bavarian Werder" being the Mausers' chief competitor. The Mauser was provisionally adopted on 2 December 1871, pending the development of an appropriate safety. With support from the government's Spandau arsenal, the improvements to the safety mechanism were completed and the rifle was formally accepted on 14 February 1872 as Infantry Rifle Model 1871 by the German Empire excluding Bavaria. The action was not based on its predecessor, the Dreyse needle gun which had seen service during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71, and which was found to have a number of weaknesses.
The now well known Mauser "wing" type safety lever was developed for the Gewehr 71. The Gewehr 71 is a conventional looking bolt action chambered in 11mm using black powder cartridges. The action included only a bolt guide rib as its single locking lug, locking forward of the receiving bridge. The original design was a single-shot. The design was updated in 1884 with an 8-round tubular magazine designed by Alfred von Kropatschek, making this Germany's first repeating rifle. This version was designated the Gewehr 1871/84. A version of this repeater was adopted by the Ottoman Empire. Designated the M1887, it differentiated from the M71/84 in that it had a side mounted cleaning rod, a second locking lug on the rear of the bolt, and it was in caliber 9.5×60mmR, which Paul Mauser touted as the most efficient (black powder) cartridge. In the early 20th century a few were converted to 7.65×53mm smokeless by the arsenal in Ankara.
Offered in very nice fully functional condition.
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