Original French WWI Fusil-Mitrailleur Modele 1915 CSRG Chauchat Display Light Machine Gun with Magazine

Item Description

Original Item: This is a fantastic original all serial number 13194 Chauchat Display Light Machine Gun de-activated to BATF specifications non-firing Chauchat WW1 LMG. Included with this excellent example is a fully functional original magazine.

The trigger group on this example is marked with the FAMH six-pointed star logo as well as:

C.S.R.G. No. 13194

The Sidarme factory was a subsidiary of Compagnie des forges et acieries de la marine et d'Homecourt (FAMH), and was located in Saint-Chamond, Loire, France. This was the second factory to enter major production of the Chauchat Machine gun, the first being the "Gladiator" factory, which was the G in CSRG.

Condition is quite nice, and the wooden stocks are in very good condition. It is also marked 13194 on the butt cap, so most likely the parts set that this was built out of was a matched one. The bipod is a replacement.

We have had only two examples before this, and these are almost never available on the market. Chances like this do not come often! Ready to add to your WWI machine gun collection.

The Chauchat, named after its main contributor Colonel Louis Chauchat, was the standard machine rifle or light machine gun of the French Army during World War I (1914-18). Its official designation was "Fusil Mitrailleur Modele 1915 CSRG" (in English: "Machine Rifle Model 1915 CSRG"). It was mass manufactured during World War I by two reconverted civilian plants: "Gladiator" and "Sidarme". Beginning in June 1916, it was placed into regular service with French infantry where the troops called it the FM Chauchat. The Chauchat machine rifle in 8mm Lebel was also extensively used in 1917-1918 by the American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F) where it was officially designated as the "Automatic Rifle, Model 1915 (Chauchat)". The armies of eight other nations, notably: Belgium, Finland, Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russia and Serbia, also used the Chauchat machine rifle in fairly large numbers during and after World War I.

A total of 262,000 Chauchat machine rifles were manufactured between December 1915 and November 1918, including 244,000 chambered for the 8mm Lebel service cartridge, making it the most widely-manufactured automatic weapon of World War I. Besides the 8mm Lebel version, the Chauchat machine rifle was also manufactured in U.S. .30-06 Springfield and in 7.65×53mm Argentine Mauser caliber to arm the American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.) and the Belgian Army respectively. The Belgian military did not experience difficulties with their Chauchats in 7.65mm Mauser and kept them in service into the early 1930s,. Conversely the Chauchat version in U.S. .30-06 made by "Gladiator" for the A.E.F., the Model 1918, proved to be fundamentally defective and had to be withdrawn from service.

The Chauchat machine rifle was one of the first light, automatic rifle caliber weapons designed to be carried and fired by a single operator and an assistant, without a heavy tripod or a team of gunners. It set a precedent for several subsequent 20th century firearm projects, being a portable yet full power automatic weapon built inexpensively and in very large numbers. The Chauchat combined a pistol grip, an in-line stock, a detachable magazine, and a selective fire capability in a compact package of manageable weight (20 pounds) for a single soldier. Furthermore, it could be routinely fired from the hip and while walking (marching fire).

The muddy trenches of northern France exposed a number of weaknesses in the Chauchat's design. Construction had been simplified to facilitate mass production, resulting in low quality of many metal parts. The magazines in particular were the cause of about 75% of the stoppages or cessations of fire. They were made of thin metal and open on one side, allowing for ingress of mud and dust. The weapon also ceased to function when overheated, the barrel sleeve remaining in the retracted position until the gun had cooled off. Consequently in September 1918, barely two months before the Armistice of November 11, the A.E.F. in France had already initiated the process of replacing the Chauchat with the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle. Shortly after World War I, the French army hastened to replace the Chauchat with the new gas-operated Mle 1924 light machine gun.

The Chauchat is the only full automatic weapon actuated by long recoil, a Browning designed system already applied in 1906 to the Remington Model 8 semi-automatic rifle: extraction and ejection of the empties takes place when the barrel returns forward, while the bolt is retained in the rear position. Over time, the Chauchat machine rifle's just passable performance in its dominant version (the Mle 1915 in 8mm Lebel) and the failure of its limited version in U.S. 30-06 (the Mle 1918), have led some modern experts to assess it as the "worst machine gun" ever fielded in the history of warfare.

Caliber: 8x50R (also .30-06, 6.5x54, 7.92x57, 7.65x53)

Weight: 9.5 kg

Length: 1170 mm

Barrel length: 450 mm

Feed: curved box magazine, 20 rounds (16 rounds for .30-06)

Rate of fire: 240 rounds per minute

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