Original British Martini-Henry 1894 MkIII Rifle .303 Conversion with Modified Socket Bayonet
Original Item: Only One Available. These are really unusual and have become very hard to find on today’s collector market. This is an original Martini Henry Mk III Rifle dating from the 1880s that was converted by B.S.A. & M Co. (Birmingham Small Arms and Metal Company) to .303 caliber in 1894.
The original 1880's markings were removed from the right side of the receiver at time of conversion and later Egyptian inventory markings were added that read: CITADEL 1908 with crescent moon and star, the Citadel was the great Cairo Arsenal.
This rifle was re-barreled in 1894 with the new .303 caliber which meant a fresh slimmer fore end had to be fitted. The barrel is covered in British proof and acceptance markings and there is evidence of some Egyptian army markings.
The bayonet is a standard P-1876 (450/577 caliber) that was modified and sleeved to fit a .303 barrel. The bayonet, in original full length comes with the original brass mounted leather scabbard. The original British bayonet also bears some Egyptian numeral markings. Originally purchased by us from the Egyptian Army in 1976, this rifle has lived in a private English collection for almost 35 years and is now completely refinished and restored to lovely display condition. P-1895 Martini Enfield Rifle with Bayonet.
History of the Martini Henry MkIII (courtesy of martinihenry.org)
During the development of the Martini Henry IC1 carbine, the RSAF decided to utilize the same component parts to produce a new mark of rifle, the intention to make the parts interchangeable. On 22nd August 1879, the MkIII rifle was accepted into service LOC 3998 Rifle Breech loading, with Cleaning rod Martini Henry Interchangeable MKIII, it took the same basic form of the MkII rifle, with some re-designed features. The first orders for 30,000 MkIII were placed on the RSAF in 1879, at a cost per rifle of £2.13s.10d, with combined orders for the trade BSA, LSA & NAA fo9r 10,000 arms at a cost of £2.18S.9d. The MkIII. Rifle was designed primarily as an arm for Volunteer, Militia and Dominion governments.
The MkIII was an exercise in durability, the barrel had a new double hump knocks form,primarily to give an enhanced grip when the barrel was held in the breeching vice. Because of this re-design, the lug hole brazed on the underside of the barrel to hold the fore-end and cross pin common to MkI & II rifles were discontinued, as a result The MkIII had the Fore-end Hook method of fixing, a screw fixed metal plate was let into the underside of the forestock, this hooked into a keeper slot grooved into the front of the action, a feature copied from the carbine development. As the walnut fore stock blank no longer needed to be located into the receiver mortice slot, it extends .312 longer along the barrel than the MkII rifle.
During sighting tests, it was found that the Henry rifled barrel affected a natural deflection at ranges beyond 600 yards, as a result the MkIII. sight bed was soldered onto the barrel with a 1 degree 6 minutes left hand of centre bias, resulting that when the back sight ladder was lifted this adjustment corrected the deflection. The MkIII. back sight bed was lengthened by 1/8 (3mm), to give the lowered sight leaf more support
A new pattern Breech block had been approved under order No68 22nd March 1878, and designated pattern III. This new block was made wider to eliminate play in the action when opened and closed, it also utilized a new design of firing pin, .002 narrower at the point to increase clearance. The most obvious change was the firing pin itself, the MkIII design was now fully cylindrical with a diameter of .056 purpose made to be a sliding fit into the spring chamber of the block. The breech block was purposely designed to interchange with all previous marks of rifles and carbines, to make it readily identified, The block was marked with the Roman numeral III, under the WD mark and the Maltese Cross on the opposite side, the stop nut and the rear of the firing pin to be marked similarly.
On 5th March 1883, Viscount Lewisham asked parliamentary question directed to the Secretary of State when he could inform the House how soon the Martini Henry will be served out to the Volunteers?, SoS reported It is not desirable to increase production although we are very anxious to issue the superior arm to the Volunteers as soon as possible, I am afraid I cannot promise them this year
During this time production of MKIII rifles had exceeded 95,000, with orders for the New South Wales Government alone of 6,500 pieces and Canada 5000
The MkIII rifle was made in large quantities, and at the end of production in 1889.
RSAF Enfield 1879-1888
Birmingham Small Arms and Metals Co
London Small Arms Co
National Arms and Ammunition Co
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