Original German Mauser Model 1871 Infantry Rifle by Amberg Arsenal dated 1877 - Matching Serial 7126

Item Description

Original Item: Only One Available. This is a very nice example of the Mauser Model 1871 Infantry Rifle, manufactured by Amberg Arsenal in what was then the kingdom of Bavaria in the German Empire. It is covered with Imperial German inspection and acceptance markings, even on the wood stock. It bears serial number 17126 on the barrel, receiver, bolt, and just about every other part that would a serial number. We would consider this an "all matching" example, never messed with, in great shape.

The receiver is dated twice with 1877 and marked I. G. Mod: 71 on the opposite side in German "Black Letter" type. This stands for Infanterie Gewehr (Infantry Rifle) Model 71. The top of the barrel nocks form is marked (Crown) over Amberg, for the Bavarian (and later Imperial) arsenal in Amberg, in the Kingdom of Bavaria. Interestingly, there is neither a Bavarian Royal Cypher nor a German Imperial Cypher on the left side of the receiver. There also are no regimental markings or signs that they were removed, so it's possible this was originally kept as some type of production sample, or maybe sold out of service.

The Rifle comes complete with cleaning rod and is in good condition overall. Interestingly, it has a brass trigger guard installed. The rifle still has both sling swivels intact. The exterior metal finish shows years of polishing, and is now all dull steel, with evidence of light peppering in the past. The bore is in excellent condition, with crisp lands and grooves and a bright finish, so it was not fired much at all. The rifle cycles and dry fires correctly, an has an intact firing pin.

The stock looks very nice, though it has been arsenal reconditioned, which has made the original proof marks somewhat faint. It has a lovely color and great grain, with the usual dents and other marks from years of handling and service. There is a repair just to the rear of the tang, probably replacing a split in the wood.

Overall this is a great example of a German Mauser model 1871 from a Bavarian Arsenal. The perfect addition to any German Mauser collection!

History of the Mauser 1871

Adopted as the Gewehr 71 or Infanterie-Gewehr 71, or "Infantry Rifle 71 ("I.G.Mod.71" was stamped on the rifles themselves) was the first rifle model in a distinguished line designed and manufactured by Paul Mauser and Wilhelm Mauser of the Mauser company and later mass-produced at Spandau arsenal.

Paul Mauser developed his bolt-action rifle from 1866 to 1871. During 1870-71 trials with many different rifles took place, with the "M1869 Bavarian Werder" being the Mausers' chief competitor. The Mauser was provisionally adopted on 2 December 1871, pending the development of an appropriate safety. With support from the government's Spandau arsenal, the improvements to the safety mechanism were completed and the rifle was formally accepted on 14 February 1872 as Infantry Rifle Model 1871 by the German Empire excluding Bavaria. The action was not based on its predecessor, the Dreyse needle gun which had seen service during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71, and which was found to have a number of weaknesses.

The now well known Mauser "wing" type safety lever was developed for the Gewehr 71. The Gewehr 71 is a conventional looking bolt action chambered in 11mm using black powder cartridges. The action included only a bolt guide rib as its single locking lug, locking forward of the receiving bridge. The original design was a single-shot. The design was updated in 1884 with an 8-round tubular magazine designed by Alfred von Kropatschek, making this Germany's first repeating rifle. This version was designated the Gewehr 1871/84. A version of this repeater was adopted by the Ottoman Empire. Designated the M1887, it differentiated from the M71/84 in that it had a side mounted cleaning rod, a second locking lug on the rear of the bolt, and it was in caliber 9.5×60mmR, which Paul Mauser touted as the most efficient (black powder) cartridge. In the early 20th century a few were converted to 7.65×53mm smokeless by the arsenal in Ankara.


Year of Manufacture: 1877
Caliber: 11x60mmR Mauser
Cartridge Type: Centerfire Cartridge
Barrel Length: 33.5 inches
Overall Length: 53 Inches

Action type: Bolt-Action
Feed System: Single Shot

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