Original British Napoleonic Era Naval 1/4 GILL Brass Rum Measure for Grog - George III and IV
Original Item: One only. We've all heard of Scurvy the terrible decease contracted through lack of Vitamin C. The decease was rampant in the BRITISH NAVY in the 18th Century. Even barrels of "fresh water" stored for a long ocean voyage developed the most awful scum from algae.
In 1740 the British Vice Admiral EDWARD VERNON who was overall commander of the West Indies Station ordered that every English seaman should receive a ration of RUM everyday. This amounted to a HALF PINT. When issued neat it led to problems of abuse with sailors saving rations to be consumed all at once leaving them insensible to their required tasks. It was resolved therefore that the HALF PINT Rum Ration should be mixed with TWO PINTS of fresh water creating what we now know as "GROG." It had been intended for Lime and Orange juice to be added but was very rarely available.
Thus started a tradition that stood in the Royal Navy for more than 200 years.
Here we offer an original small British Naval Rum Measure, made of sheet copper, brazed together. The seam is still quite apparent under the "ear" shaped handle, which is also made from sheet copper. The measure is approximately 2 1/4" tall, and the side opposite the handle marked 1/4 over GILL. Above this is a G R proof, which originally was for King George III (1760-1820), but later had a 4 put beneath it, for King George IV (1820 - 1830). It is also engraved with a large "fouled Anchor" ( Anchor with rope entwined) to front.
Condition is quite nice, and it looks solid, with clear markings. The inside still has an intact tin coating, put in placed to prevent the copper from reacting with the contents.
Even for the Grog nobody wanted to be an Able Seaman in Royal Navy in those just terrible times. The total daily ration being just TWO and ONE HALF PINTS of Grog per man, that's it 2 1/2 pints of liquid PER DAY regardless of heat and weather, that's what a British Sailor got!
Ready to serve or just display.
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