Original British Georgian Era Naval 1/2 PINT Pewter Rum Measure for Grog - H.M.S. REVENGE
Original Item: One only. We've all heard of Scurvy the terrible decease contracted through lack of Vitamin C. The decease was rampant in the BRITISH NAVY in the 18th Century. Even barrels of "fresh water" stored for a long ocean voyage developed the most awful scum from algae.
In 1740 the British Vice Admiral EDWARD VERNON who was overall commander of the West Indies Station ordered that every English seaman should receive a ration of RUM everyday. This amounted to a HALF PINT. When issued neat it led to problems of abuse with sailors saving rations to be consumed all at once leaving them insensible to their required tasks. It was resolved therefore that the HALF PINT Rum Ration should be mixed with TWO PINTS of fresh water creating what we now know as "GROG." It had been intended for Lime and Orange juice to be added but was very rarely available.
Thus started a tradition that stood in the Royal Navy for more than 200 years.
This bulbous shape measure is made of pewter and stands just 4" high, with an "ear" style handle. There is a proof mark, but it has been overstamped and and is not entirely legible, but the style indicates the Georgian era, which lasted most of the 18th century and into the early 19th. The 4 could indicate that it was originally made for George II or III, and continued in service under George IV. It is also marked [1/ ] 2 PINT opposite the handle on the outside, which is partly missing, but this is obviously 1/2 pint capacity, and not 2 pint. The rum measure is marked around the waist with:
God * Bless * The * REVENGE * Amen
There have been at least 10 H.M.S. Revenge ships, every one of some
note, and 5 that correspond to this period.
Even for the Grog nobody wanted to be an Able Seaman in Royal Navy in those just terrible times. The total daily ration being just TWO and ONE HALF PINTS of Grog per man, that's it 2 1/2 pints of liquid PER DAY regardless of heat and weather, that's what a British Sailor got!
Ready to serve or just display.
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