Item:
ONSV9043

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Original U.S. Model 1822 Flintlock Musket by P. & E.W. Blake of New Haven with Cartouches - Dated 1826

Regular price $2,495.00

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Item Description

Original item: One Only. The U.S. Model 1822 Musket was a .69 caliber smoothbore flintlock, with a 42-inch barrel and an overall length of 58 inches. It replaced the previous model 1816 musket, and often is viewed as a further development of that design. One of the most noticeable differences in the Model 1822 is the attachment of the lower sling swivel. The forward part of the trigger bow was provided with an enlargement which was drilled to receive the sling swivel rivet. Previously, the sling swivel had been affixed to a stud in front of the trigger bow.

The Model 1822 was produced by the Springfield Armory, Harpers Ferry Armory, and numerous other contractors. It was eventually replaced by the Springfield Model 1835, which is also considered by many to be a continuation of the Model 1816. These were sometimes referred to as "Whitney Flintlocks" due to the large number made in New Haven, Connecticut by Eli Whitney. This example was contractor produced, as indicated by the markings on the lock plate under the hammer: 

U.S.
P.& E.W. BLAKE

And the markings on the lock plate tail: 

NEW HAVEN
1826

Phineas and Eli Whitney Blake were nephews of Eli Whitney, in New Haven, Conn.. P. & E.W. held the Whitney estate in trust for Whitney's son, Eli Whitney, Jr. who took over the company when he reached his majority. Its 42" smooth bore barrel in full length walnut stock bears two crisp Inspector's cartouches on left side of the stock above the trigger guard. Barrel markings are unfortunately worn away due to powder burn. Both lock and butt plate marked U.S., and the butt plate also has a rack number marking. As per the pattern, the musket has all iron mounts, with the only brass component being the flash pan.

This example has been lightly cleaned to put it in lovely display condition. The lock is fully functional, and holds correctly at half-cock, firing at full cock. The metalwork has a really nice patina, and the wood stock is in great shape with a very nice color. Both sling swivels are still present, as is the original ramrod.

A very nice example of the evolution of the U.S. Musket! Ready to display!

History of the Model 1822 Musket:

The War of 1812 had revealed many weaknesses in American muskets. The Model 1812 Musket was created in an attempt to improve both the design and manufacture of the musket. The Model 1816 made further improvements, and replaced the Model 1812. The Model 1812 had borrowed heavily from the design of the French Charleville model 1777 musket, and this design was retained for the Model 1816. The Model 1816 had a 42 inch long .69 caliber smoothbore barrel, similar to the Model 1812, but had a longer lock plate, a shorter trigger guard, and a longer bayonet than the Model 1812. The Model 1816 also had a more straight lined stock. The overall length of the weapon was 58 inches.

The Model 1816 musket was originally produced at the Harpers Ferry and Springfield Arsenals between 1816 and 1844. Around 675,000 were made, more than any other flintlock in U.S. history.

The Model 1816 was originally produced as a flintlock musket. Like many flintlock muskets, many of these were later converted to percussion cap, as the percussion cap system was much more reliable and weather resistant.

This model of Springfield musket was used by Texans during the Texas Revolution and by the US Army and militia during the Mexican-American War. During this conflict, the flintlock version of the Model 1816 was preferred by U.S. regular forces, due to percussion cap supply concerns.

It was also used during the early years of the American Civil War until around 1862.

Many improvements to the Model 1816 were made, producing the Model 1822, Model 1835, Model 1840, and Model 1842. U.S. Ordnance Department referred to these as different models, but in other U.S. government documents they are referred to as a continuation of the Model 1816. Modern histories are similarly inconsistent in the nomenclature of these weapons.

Specifications-

Year of Manufacture: 1826
Caliber: .69"
Cartridge Type: Ball and Powder
Barrel Length: 42 Inches

Overall Length: 58 Inches
Action type: Side Action Percussion Lock
Feed System: Muzzle Loading

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