Original German WWII Partial Ground Ernst Röhm Signed SA Dagger with USGI Bring Back Documentation
Original Item: Only One Available. Prior to his "unmasking" as a traitor, Ernst Röhm was the leader of the SA. In 1934, he distributed approximately 100,000 SA daggers with his personal inscription on the reverse blade. These daggers were to honor individuals who had served with the SA prior to December, 1931. Other than the inscription, these pieces were identical to the standard M1933 SA dagger. After the Röhm purge, the inscription was ordered to be removed. Many examples were returned to the factory for grinding. Others were simply ground in the field by whatever means were available. Examples will occasionally be encountered with remnants of the original inscription remaining on the blade, but mostly none will remain. Some blades exist with an intact inscription, exhibiting only the removal of the Röhm signature, such as this example. Very, very rarely is an example seen with a full, untouched inscription, as the holder would have surely risked a charge of treason.
This is a great looking “Lazy Man’s” Partially ground Röhm SA Dagger. The acid etched partial In herzlicher kameradschaft [Ernst Röhm] (In cordial companionship Ernst Röhm) motto remains nice and crisp. Ernst Röhm’s name has been completely removed except for the first letter or so. This does not appear to have been a factory executed grinding.
This particular dagger also comes with a great story, which includes a hand-written note from the USGI who brought it back from WWII! This was Frank Rossi, who served in Company A of the 78th Armored Medical Battalion, part of the 8th Armored Division. The note reads:
Dear Pete: 2/26/80
I was with Company A of the 78th armd. Med. Bn.
As I remember, we were in action around Nennig, Germany giving support to Combat COmpany A of the 7th armored Infantry battalion. It was there we were picking up the wounded to send back to the aid station when I came across the officer’s dagger which I found laying on the ground next to a body. I don’t know if some [one] else had it + lost it or how it got there so I picked it up as a souvenir + kept it with me until I returned to the States in 1946 + had it in a locker all these years.
From what we can tell from the dagger, it was used in service by the owner, who then lost it on the battlefield.
The front side of this blade is nice, though it shows oxidation and wear. This dagger was sharpened and converted to a functional knife during the war, which has cuased the factory cross grain to be nearly invisible, except near the crosguard. The acid etched Alles für Deutschland motto is well executed, but the factory darkening is all but worn away.
On the rear of the blade, there are traces of the maker name and logo of E. Pack & Söhne, which has been mostly ground away. The Mark originally would have shown their trademark "Young Siegfried wielding a hammer" Logo, surrounded by:
[E.P. & S.]
[(Jung Siegfried Logo)]
We have had two ground examples by this maker before, and the arched "SOLIGEN" is distinctive among known Röhm datter makers. J. Anthony Carter's book GERMAN KNIFE AND SWORD MAKERS, this firm used this trademark on early SA and NSKK daggers, which they made a good number of.
The steel scabbard shell is the early-war style, with a brown "anodized" finish on the steel, retained at about 25-30%. The clear lacquer overcoat is completely gone, and the steel shows freckling, some of it heavy, over the entire surface. Scabbard has been heavily smashed in its center, which has flattened part of it and turned the ends up, however this does not interfere with sheathing the blade. The upper and lower fittings are solid nickel silver, and have a nice patina, with some dents and scratches showing typical wear. The bottom fitting has the end "ball" smashed flat, typical of the softer alloy, and the retaining screws are both intact and look great. The top mount and throat throat nicely matches the crossguards and the screws for the top mount are both intact and not deformed. There is a nice original belt hanger clip attached to the scabbard.
The brown hardwood grip has no chips, cracks or major damage, just the usual wear from age and use with some stress cracks. While the SA eagle is original to the grip, it has been smashed hard in the center, causing it to be more deeply impressed and forcing the wings tips to pop out. SA emblem has also been hit causing 85% of its enamel to crack off.
The lower reverse guard is Gruppe/Gau marked Wf, for Westfalen, which encompassed the area near Cologne, very close to Solingen. Both guards are solid Nickel alloy, and really in great shape. The pommel nut is present, without any rounding or deformation.
A great opportunity to get a partial Röhm SA Dagger in wonderful condition, partly "sanitized" after the Night of the Long Knives! The original hand-written USGI bring back provenance makes it that much better.
Ready to add to your collection and display!
The SA or Brown Shirts, were a private political formation which Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP used to maintain order at organized Party meetings and demonstrations. The group was formed in 1921, and grew to a huge force of nearly 3,000,000 men by the later 1930's. To instill esprit de corps, as well as create employment for the Blade City of Solingen, it was decided each SA man would carry a dagger with his Brown Shirt uniform. Huge quantities needed to be produced to accommodate the demand. The dagger initially was produced of hand-fitted nickel mounts with attractive finished wood grip and brown anodized (a bluing process) finished scabbard.
The blade was etched with the SA motto, Alles für Deutschland. Examples produced prior to 1935 were stamped with the German sector of the SA group on reverse lower crossguard. Later examples underwent standardization through the RZM ministry. These pieces were produced of cheaper plated zinc-base fittings and scabbards were simply painted brown.
The Night of the Long Knives, in June 1934, saw the wiping out of the SA’s leadership and others who had angered Hitler in the recent past in Nazi Germany. After this date, the SS lead by Heinrich Himmler was to become far more powerful in Nazi Germany. For all the power the Enabling Act gave Hitler, he still felt threatened by some in the Nazi Party. He was also worried that the regular army had not given an oath of allegiance. Hitler knew that the army hierarchy held him in disdain as he was ‘only ‘ a corporal in their eyes. The Night of the Long Knives not only removed the SA leaders but also got Hitler the army’s oath that he so needed.
By the summer of 1934, the SA’s numbers had swollen to 2 million men. They were under the control of Ernst Röhm, a loyal follower of Hitler since the early days of the Nazi Party. The SA had given the Nazi’s an iron fist with which to disrupt other political parties meetings before January 1933. The SA was also used to enforce law after Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933. To all intents, they were the enforcers of the Nazi Party and there is no evidence that Röhm was ever planning anything against Hitler. However, Röhm had made enemies within the Nazi Party – Himmler, Goering and Goebbels were angered by the power he had gained and convinced Hitler that this was a threat to his position. By June 1934, the regular army hierarchy also saw the SA as a threat to their authority. The SA outnumbered the army by 1934 and Röhm had openly spoken about taking over the regular army by absorbing it into the SA. Such talk alarmed the army’s leaders.
By the summer of 1934, Hitler had decided that Röhm was a ‘threat’ and he made a pact with the army. If Röhm and the other SA leaders were removed, the rank and file SA men would come under the control of the army but the army would have to swear an oath of loyalty to Hitler. The army agreed and Röhm’s fate was sealed. On the night of June 29th – June 30th 1934, units of the SS arrested the leaders of the SA and other political opponents. Men such as Gregor Strasser, von Schleicher and von Bredow were arrested and none of them had any connection with Röhm. The arrests carried on for 2 more nights. Seventy seven men were executed on charges of treason though historians tend to think the figure is higher. The SA was brought to heel and placed under the command of the army. Hitler received an oath of allegiance from all those who served in the army. Röhm was shot. Others were bludgeoned to death. The first the public officially knew about the event was on July 13th 1934, when Hitler told the Reichstag that met in the Kroll Opera House, Berlin, that for the duration of the arrests that he and he alone was the judge in Germany and that the SS carried out his orders. From that time on the SS became a feared force in Nazi Germany lead by Heinrich Himmler. The efficiency with which the SS had carried out its orders greatly impressed Hitler and Himmler was to acquire huge power within Nazi Germany.
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